The National Lawyers Guild’s earliest antecedent was an agency known as the MOPR (the Russian initials for “International Class War Prisoners Aid Society”), which was formed by the Communist International (Comintern) in 1922 as part of its effort to infiltrate American legal organizations. Soon thereafter, MOPR became known as International Red Aid (IRA). In 1925 an American section of IRA was established under the name International Labor Defense (ILD), which in 1936 helped to organize the NLG.
The NLG was officially launched in 1937. As evidenced by its Comintern roots, there were certainly elements within the early Guild that were dedicated Communist revolutionaries….
In 1946 the NLG became affiliated with the International Association of Democratic Lawyers (IADL), which is described in James Tyson’s 1981 book Target America as “the world-wide Communist front group for attorneys.” …
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