Negotiations Must Include Jewish Refugees From Arab Lands

fhThe Israeli-Palestinian peace talks may resume soon after the Palestinians complete their hissy fit. This time it is over the death of three Palestinians who attacked an Israeli army vehicle searching for a wanted terrorist in Kalandia, a village located between Jerusalem and Ramallah. The three died in an exchange of fire with the IDF troops. Inevitably however, the Palestinians will bolt out of the negotiations because of their insistence upon the “right of return” of Palestinian refugees to Israel.

This is a condition that no Israeli government could possibly comply without committing national suicide. Frankly, the Palestinian Authority, whether under the deceased Arafat or the living Mahmoud Abbas, could not end the conflict with Israel. If they did, they would most likely have been assassinated. Arafat was persuaded by President Clinton to take the generous deal offered by Israel’s PM Ehud Barak in July, 2000 and rejected it. Abbas does not have the credibility to even contemplate it. The Palestinian diaspora is the “elephant in the room.” They are the Palestinian refugees maintained as such by the United Nations Relief and Works Agency (UNRWA) for Palestine Refugees in the Near East. UNRWA is responsible for making it impossible to resolve the Palestinian refugee problem by perpetuating and expanding the refugee infrastructure, and making it a hotbed for Palestinian-Arab radicalism and terrorism.

What has been conveniently ignored, if not forgotten by the international community which funds UNRWA, is the plight of the Jewish refugees from Muslim lands (mostly Arab states).  These Jewish refugees from Arab countries were absorbed by the Jewish State, albeit they were greater in number than the Palestinian refugees. The Jewish refugees were forced to flee their homes in the Arab world in which they have lived long before the arrival of Islam. Israel must insist that any discussion of refugees should include the Jewish refugees from Arab lands.

In his book In Ishmael’s House: A History of Jews in Muslim Lands (2010: Yale University Press) Martin Gilbert pointed out that the earliest recognition of the plight of Jewish refugees from Arab lands came in 1957, when Auguste Lindt, the UN High Commissioner for Refugees, cited the Jews, who were being expelled from Egypt.  He stated, “Another emergency problem is now arising, that of refugees from Egypt. There is no doubt in my mind that those refugees from Egypt who are not able, or not willing to avail themselves of the protection of the government of their nationality, fall under the mandate of my office (page 325).”

In the aftermath of the Six-Day War, when the UN Security Council on November 22, 1967, voted for the famous Resolution 242, it included a provision on the refugee issue. The Soviet Union sought to insert, as part of the Resolution 242, a reference to “Palestinian refugees,” which was rejected by Britain and the U.S. In fact, the U.S. and Britain demanded that both Palestinian refugees, as well as Jewish refugees from Muslim lands, be included in the reference to the refugees.  In the end, Arthur Goldberg (U.S. ambassador to the UN) and Lord Carrington (British ambassador to the UN) prevailed.

The resolution affirmed “the necessity…for a just settlement of the refugee problem.”

In his 2001 book, Locked Doors: The Seizure of Jewish Property in Arab Countries, the author Itamar Levin challenged the Israeli government to take on the claims of Jewish refugees from Arab lands at peace negotiations.  He wrote (page 235) “Taking this risk would mean some sort of justice for anyone forced to leave their home against their will, carrying only one suitcase in hand.”

Whereas the Palestinian Arab refugees have had a choice to stay in their homes in most cases, Jews in the Arab world did not, they were forced out.  The Economist, a frequent critic of the Zionists, reported on October 2, 1948: “Of the 62,000 Arabs who formerly lived in Haifa not more than 5,000 or 6,000 remained. Various factors influenced their decision to seek safety in flight. There is but little doubt that the most potent of the factors were the announcements made over the air by the Higher Arab Executive, urging the Arabs to quit… It was clearly intimated that those Arabs who remained in Haifa and accepted Jewish protection would be regarded as renegades.”

In December, 2007, 14 Jews who emigrated to the U.S. from Arab lands met with President George W. Bush in the White House. Their spokesperson, Maurice Shohet, urged the President to remember the rights of Jews from Arab countries whenever the rights of Palestinian Arab refugees were raised in the international arena.

The Jerusalem Post reported on January 27, 2009, “More than 850,000 Jews fled or were expelled from Arab lands and Iran, most after Israel’s founding in 1948. Estimates of the value of the property they were forced to leave behind are hard to come by, ranging from as low as $16 billion in known assets to as high as $300 billion. ‘Israel has talked about this on and off for 60 years. Now we’re going to deal with it as we should have all along,’ said Dr. Avi Bitzur, director-general of the Pensioners Affairs Ministry. The ministry established a department with an initial staff of five to begin to collect the claims of the Jewish refugees, about 80 percent of who settled in Israel. Bitzur hosted a panel on the issue at Herzliya Conference.”  Dr. Bitzur made the point that while the U.N has dealt with Palestinian Arab refugees and their property at least 700 times, it has totally ignored the issue of Jewish property in Arab lands.

UNRWA has inflated the current number of Palestinian-Arab refugees and their fourth generation descendants to around 5 million.  As per the UNRWA’s refugee definition, in 2012, the number of registered patrilineal descendants of the original Palestine refugees, based on the UNRWA registration requirements, is estimated to be 4,950,000. The number of original Palestine refugees has declined from 711,000 in 1950to approximately 30,000 to 50,000 in 2012.

In actuality, the numbers are far smaller and pale by comparison with the Jewish refugees from Arab lands. The Arabs claim that 800,000 to 1,000,000 Palestinians became refugees in 1947-49. The last census was taken in 1945. It found only 756,000 permanent Arab residents in Israel. On November 30, 1947, the date the UN voted for partition, the total was 809,100. A 1949 Government of Israel census counted 160,000 Arabs living in the country after the war. This meant that no more than 650,000 Palestinian Arabs could have become refugees. A report by the UN Mediator on Palestine arrived at an even lower figure – 472,000.

“The Right of Return” is merely a subterfuge for the Palestinians to continue their armed struggle against Israel. Just like Arafat perceived the Israeli society as weak and unwilling to suffer casualties, when he launched his September, 2000 Intifada, the Palestinian-Arabs believed that time is on their side, and that eventually, either militarily or demographically, along with diplomatic action, they will undermine the Jewish state, and destroy its foundation. This is why there is little hope for the success of the peace talks whenever they resume. American and (mostly leftist) Israeli leaders must understand that only when the Palestinians are made to recognize that time is not on their side, and that the Jewish state is a permanent fixture, will there be productive negotiations that would lead to an equitable solution.  That solution must reject the “right of return” for Palestinians to Israel, and take into consideration the Jewish refugees from Arab lands.

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  • defcon 4

    Any land for peace deal must include the Jewish lands around Medina (Yathrib) that were stolen from the Jewish tribes living there without cause or remuneration.

    • Jakareh

      Good point. If the “Palestinians” are entitled to live in Israel, then Jews are entitled to half of Medina, which they held before Muhammad massacred them. With any luck, the Jewish half would include the big mosque where the murdering pedophile has his tomb so that Jews would be able to charge the Muslims admission.

  • dartson

    There should be no discussion of Palestinian refugees, period. This issue shouldn’t be part of the peace deal. If a Palestinian state is ever created (I hope it isn’t), it may allow all Palestinian refugees and their descendants to return to its territory. It is not Israel’s problem. Of course, Palestinians use the issue of refugees as another tool to destroy Israel by flooding it with millions of Arabs. Even the most dovish Israeli government would never agree to this insane demand by the Palestinians, since it would mean a collective national suicide for Israel.

  • soundnfury

    Muslims are interested in parity. They are only interested in their version of history to gain a PR advantage. Paint Muslims as the poor disenfranchised minority oppressed by their occupiers, so that you have a moral cause to exploit. They have ridden this horse into the ground.

  • victor

    Not only Jewish refugees from Arab/Muslim countries taken in by Israel, but all Jews from Arab/Muslim countries. I am an Egyptian Jew, born and raised in Cairo, so was my whole family. In 1965, Nasser, without reason decreed to confiscate all of our properties, possession, wealth and gave us 3 months to leave the country with only Twenty Egyptian Pounds and one suitcase per family member. I had smuggled the Order of Sequestration and Confiscation when we left. They even took our house keys on the way out. I was 19 at the time. They made my parents suffer at their late age. The Jews of Egypt and the Middle East, were certainly wealthier that those claiming to have been displaced from Israel. We came to America, but that does not give us any less of a claim. Therefore, not only Jews who went to Israel, all Jews who were displaced from the Muslim/Arab countries are to be considered.

  • cheechakos

    The Palestinian displacement largely stems from the consequences of the war started by Arab leaders who refused to accept the U.N. General Assembly Resolution 181 (II) of November 29, 1947, which called for the creation of two states, one Jewish, the other Arab. Instead, these leaders attacked the newly created state of Israel and lost the consequent war.

    Palestinians fled from their homes in 1948-49 mostly on orders from their own military and civilian leaders and as a result of fear and panic, hoping to return when the Arabs had won the war. The instructions by the Arab Higher Committee and Arab community leaders in ordering Palestinians to leave Haifa, Tiberias, Jaffa, and Jerusalem, and other places, are thoroughly recorded.

    Why would they receive a right to return?

    • defcon 4

      I read in Herzog’s history of the Arab-Israeli Wars that the Arabs were fond of selling their properties to Jews before they fled in ’48’ — in anticipation of getting the properties back after the Jews had been pushed into the sea.

  • cheechakos

    The lists are endless:

    Under Iraqi nationalists Nazi propaganda began to infiltrate and Arabic translations of Mein Kampf were published and boadcast over radios. Anti-Jewish policies and laws were implemented 1934.
    In 1941 a pro-Nazi regime was formed in Iraq, headed by Rashid Ali al-Galyani.
    Following widespread incitement and propaganda, an anti-Jewish pogrom erupted in Baghdad leading to deaths of 180 Jews. Jewish property was seized and 50,000 Iraqi Jews began fleeing for Israel at a rate of 1,000 per year . 10,000 Jews left Iraq in 1941-1949.
    In 1951 a bombing campaign against Jews in Baghdad began. the Iraqi government froze and later appropriated the assets of all Jews (including those who had already fled). Iraqi Government passed legislation that made affiliation with Jews a felony and ordered the expulsion of Jews. 120,000 Jews left Iraq.
    In 1969 some 50 of the remaining Iraqi Jews were executed, 11 were publicly executed after show trials and hundreds of thousands Iraqis marched past the bodies.

    In 1942 in North Africa muslims occupied the Jewish quarter of Benghazi, Lybia,plundering shops and deporting more than 2,000 Jews across the desert. Sent to work in labor camps, more than one-fifth of this group of Jews perished.
    In 1948 38,000 Jews lived in Tripoli. A series of pogroms in 1945 killed over 130 adult Jews and 36 children,hundreds were injured, 4,000 were left homeless, and 2,400 were reduced to poverty. Five synagogues in Tripoli and four towns were destroyed, and over 1,000 Jewish residences and commercial buildings were plundered in Tripoli alone. The pogroms continued through 1950.
    In 1970 the Libyan government issued laws which confiscated all the assets and property of Libya’s Jews, issuing in their stead 15 year bonds. However, when the bonds matured no compensation was paid. Libyan leader Muammar al-Gaddafi justified this on the grounds that “the alignment of the Jews with Israel, the Arab nations’ enemy, has forfeited their right to compensation
    In Libya. Jews were deprived of citizenship, forced to leave, and their property was seized.

    In 1948, approximately 105,000 Jews lived in Tunisia. About 1,500 remained in 2007.Attacks in 1967, 1982, 1985, and 2002 forced them to flee to Israel.

    If one includes Aden, there were 63,000 Jews in Yemen in 1948. Today, there are about 200 left.

  • whoRUkidn

    Should also have noted Joan Peters “From Time in Memorial” published in 1984. Provides a highly detailed Country-by-Country description of the issue.