Prophets and Losses

Now that the federal government is playing an ever larger role in the economy, a look at Washington’s track record seems to be long overdue.

The recent release of the Federal Reserve Board’s transcripts of its deliberations back in 2007 shows that their economic prophecies were way off. How much faith should we put in their prophecies today — or the policies based on those prophecies?

Even after the housing market began its collapse in 2006, Federal Reserve Chairman Ben Bernanke said in 2007, “The impact on the broader economy and financial markets of the problems in the subprime market seems likely to be contained.”

It turned out that financial disasters in the housing market were not “contained,” but spread out to affect the whole American economy and economies overseas. Then Chairman Bernanke said: “It is an interesting question why what looks like $100 billion or so of credit losses in the subprime market has been reflected in multiple trillions of dollars of losses in paper wealth.”

What is an even more interesting question is why we should put such faith and suchpower in the hands of a man and an institution that have been so wrong before.

This is not just a question of a bad guess by Ben Bernanke. The previous chairman of the Federal Reserve System, Alan Greenspan, likewise misjudged the consequences of the housing boom and bust. Nor was the Federal Reserve’s staff any more accurate in its prophecies. According to the New York Times, “The Fed’s own staff still forecast that the economy would avoid a recession.”

Today, the economy has not yet fully recovered from the recession that the Federal Reserve System’s staff and chairmen thought we would avoid.

We all make mistakes. But we don’t all have the enormous and growing power of the Federal Reserve System — or the seemingly boundless confidence that Fed Chairman Ben Bernanke still shows as he intervenes in the economy on a massive scale.

Not only does the Federal Reserve System control the money supply and regulate banks, the Fed’s willingness to keep buying hundreds of billions of dollars’ worth of government bonds makes it easier for the Obama administration to keep engaging in massive deficit spending that runs up a record-breaking national debt.

The reason that the Federal Reserve can afford to continue buying huge amounts of government bonds is that the Fed is authorized to create its own money out of thin air.

They use the fancy term “quantitative easing,” instead of saying in plain English that they are essentially just printing more money.

Being wrong is nothing new for the Federal Reserve System. Since this year is the one hundredth anniversary of the Fed’s founding, it may be worth looking back at its history.

President Woodrow Wilson explained the reasons for creating the Federal Reserve System. He said that the Federal Reserve “provides a currency which expands as it is needed and contracts when it is not needed” and that “the power to direct this system of credits is put into the hands of a public board of disinterested officers of the Government itself” to avoid control by private bankers or other special interests.

The Federal Reserve was supposed to prevent shocks to the economy that can come from drastic inflation or deflation, and reduce the dangers that can come from widespread bank failures. These are all good goals. But what is the Fed’s track record?

In the hundred years before there was a Federal Reserve System, inflation was less than half of what it became in the hundred years after the Fed was founded. The biggest deflation in the history of the country came after the Fed was founded, and that deflation contributed to the Great Depression of the 1930s. As for bank failures, they reached levels unheard of before there was a Federal Reserve System.

Like so many “progressives,” then and now, Woodrow Wilson seemed to think that, if those who made government decisions had no financial interest in those decisions, then they could be trusted to wield their powers in the public interest.

But the enormous power wielded by the unelected leaders of the Fed over the economy, unchecked by the constraints of the market, has repeatedly turned out to be more than human beings can handle.

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  • Kathy

    Will America recover or is it getting worse? Hyperinflation is a scary scenario, bringing to mind Germany during the Wiemar Republic. How can they keep buying bonds with their, ah hem, I mean, our, own money? Sounds stupid to me, and I’m not even that good at math! What is the point of that? Seems to me that we are heading right over the cliff…and the Republicans have lost their nerve.

  • davarino

    Thanks Thomas. We need to go back to a gold backed currency and get rid of the Fed Res

  • Penny Haulman

    NONE at all. Ignorant GREED drives this

  • Spider

    It has been proposed by several top economists that all the boom and busts we have seen in the last hundred years or so have actually been caused by the federal reserves artificial manipulation of the money supply. Getting rid of the federal reserve and allowing the money supply to be strictly free market with a gold backed currency wold have prevented most of the financial catastrophies we have seen. For example the housing bubble would not have happened because with a finite money supply interest rates would have risen by supply and demand before the bubble was reached.

  • john

    i flunked economics in college becaus e i didn't study and never really understood most of the mechanics. i did understand su pply and emand and some of the basics. i agree with kathy. think of how you maange you r own checkbook and you ge t an idea what is wrong.

  • patron

    "why we should put such faith and suchpower in the hands of a man and an institution that have been so wrong before"

    Fed answers to the White House. The Former ACORN Lawyer, probably sitting in his around the clock movie theater now, only won reelection because single black women voted on race only and are only interested in their fraudulent SSI checks while their monster children terrorize neighborhoods murdering people.

  • Barakus abomidas

    I'M Gonna have ben print dollas until you can stick emup ya arse. All dat privledge gonna comma to n ennn.

  • Ghostwriter

    Mr. abomidas,you sound like a stereotype from the 1930's.