Betrayed Illusions: The Left and the Jews


Israel-ApartheidAlmost sixty-one years ago, in November 1952, in Prague, the former secretary general of the Czechoslovak Communist Party, a diehard, fanatic Stalinist, Rudolf Slansky, and 13 other prominent communists, mostly Jewish, were sentenced to death for alleged treason and Zionist conspiracy.  At the same time, Stalin’s terminal paranoia led to the execution of the leaders of the Jewish Antifascist Committee, including celebrated Yiddish-language poet Peretz Markish, and the imprisonment of famous physicians accused of trying to poison Soviet leaders. Soviet Bloc media were filled with venomous anti-Semitic harangues. Had Stalin not died in March 1953, the doctors would have been executed, hundreds of thousands arrested, millions forcibly resettled. The likelihood of a gigantic pogrom, a Soviet-style Kristallnacht,  was looming large. The official terms for Jews was “rootless cosmopolitans.” Like in the National Socialist demonology, they were stigmatized as the driving force of the execrated capitalism, carriers of decadent values, agents of treason and dissolution. Even after Stalin’s demise, his successor Nikita Khrushchev continued to encourage anti-Semitic portrayals of Jews as mercenary individuals, speculators and “genetically” un-patriotic.

How was it possible for Bolshevik internationalism to degenerate into vicious anti-Semitism, similar to the worst propaganda excesses of the Black Hundreds in czarist Russia? Where did the promises of Marxist humanism, the dream of proletarian solidarity, irrespective of language and origin, vanish? Perhaps there was something in the secret grammar of leftist obsessions, in the underlying political fantasies of the Left, that explained these despicable outbursts of intolerance?

There is a genealogy of this depressing story, a line of ideas that sends us back to the origins of modern socialism and its hostility to money, banks, profit, and capitalism in general. Not only Marxism found its roots in that search for a pure, unpolluted natural community, but also the neo-romantic movements that were to lead to Fascism. A scrupulous and immensely erudite historian of modern political passions, including socialism, Zionism, and their counterparts at the extreme right end of the ideological continuum, Robert Wistrich (who teaches at the Hebrew University in Jerusalem), wrote a real treatise on the enduring anti-Semitic propensities among left-wing revolutionary movements. Published in 2012 by University of Nebraska Press,  ”From Ambivalence to Betrayal: The Left, the Jews, and Israel” is must reading for those who want to understand the apparent paradox of the Left’s espousal of far-right conspiratorial, xenophobic delusions.

He shows how resentful ideas shaped the original socialist vision of Jews as promoters of capitalist instincts and vices. Even before the French Revolution, major Enlightenment figures expressed staunch Judeophobic attitudes. In France, Voltaire lambasted Jews as irretrievably tribalistic, whereas in Germany Hegel’s disciples regarded Judaism as a fundamentally reactionary religion, an obstacle to human emancipation. Another major German philosopher, Johann Gottlob Fichte, postulated the incompatibility between Germanness (racially defined), and Jews. From Fichte to Richard Wagner and to the genocidal prophets Alfred Rosenberg and Adolf Hitler, there was a line of morbid fixation on the Jews as a pathogenic factor, comparable to harmful insects whose liquidation could ensure the health of the popular community (Volksgemeinschaft).

One of the most adamant anti-Semites was Bruno Bauer, initially a close friend of Karl Marx, later his philosophical and political enemy. Marx himself maintained an ambivalent, often embarrassed and hostile, attitude to his Jewish origins. As a matter of fact, his early text on “The Jewish Question” portrayed Jews in most unflattering colors, seeing them as the embodiment of everything romantics loved to hate: selfishness, mercantilism, soullessness. In the young Hegelian’s view, Jews meant capitalism and transcending the Jewish question implied a proletarian revolution that would abolish capitalism and implicitly the Jewish condition. Its ugly anti-Semitic stances notwithstanding, Marx’s early article became a sacred text for left-wingers who tried to address the issue of Jewish emancipation and assimilation. They all borrowed from the founding father the conviction that Jews were the incarnation of capitalist injustice, identified them with soulless plutocracy, and called for an ultimate de-Judaization of society via the ultimate revolutionary apocalypse. For Marx, a classless society meant a society without Jews as Jews. His musings on the Jewish question were philosophically preposterous, morally reprehensible, and sociologically groundless.

The same fixation functioned in non-Marxist leftist circles, from Proudhon to Bakunin and other anarchists. Wistrich explores convincingly the affinities between the far left and the far right in terms of their shared opposition to a perceived Judeo-plutocratic conspiracy. The Nazis would further exacerbate this myth, incorporating it in a broader Weltanschauung that insisted on the need to oppose both Jewish capitalism and Jewish Communism. Logical paradoxes notwithstanding, these myths have persisted for decades. By the end of his life, Joseph Stalin was as convinced as Hitler that the house of Rothschild (or Wall Street as its latter day metamorphosis) is behind all world-historical events.

The demonization of the Jew as the symbol of the abhorred bourgeoisie coincided, within the Left, with the efforts by Jewish luminaries and rank-and-file members alike, to deny their roots. Think of such luminaries as Grigory Zinoviev, Lev Kamenev, Yakov Sverdlov, Rosa Luxemburg, Ruth Fischer, and the list is endless. Both “Red Rosa” and Lev Trotsky were born to traditional Jewish families, both did their utmost to overcome that heredity and convert to a supra-national, truly universalistic identity. Both advocated a Messianic doctrine of apocalyptic revolution. After all, Marx and Engels claimed in the “Communist Manifesto” that proletarians do not have a motherland. Why would they, Rosa and Leon, have one? They did not conceal their origin, but saw it as irrelevant for the much larger, more grandiose agenda of their revolutionary dreams. Did they really succeed?

Obviously, Jewish revolutionary internationalism failed. Both German and Russian socialists continued to see Jewish revolutionaries as tolerated individuals, rather than full-fledged members of the national parties. Veteran Social Democrats such as August Bebel and Frantz Mehring saw Rosa as an exalted, almost quixotic figure. In his struggle for Lenin’s mantle, Stalin did not hesitate to resort to anti-Semitic innuendo against his arch-rival Trotsky (whom he dubbed Judas) and other Jewish members of the Bolshevik Old Guard.  Publicly, at least in the 1930s, the vozhd (Leader) condemned anti-Semitism which he defined as a modern version of cannibalism. Privately, he unabashedly indulged in scurrilous anti-Semitic jokes.

The Romanian Stalinist Ana Pauker, the country’s Foreign Minister between 1947 and 1952, was first and foremost a soldier of the global communist movement. She remained loyal to the Bolshevik creed in spite of many terrible experiences, including the execution of her husband in the USSR, during the Great Purge, as a renegade and a spy. Ana Pauker was herself arrested for a few months in early 1953. When she found out that Stalin had died in March, she started to cry.

The rise of Zionism contributed the radicalization of leftist anti-Semitic prejudice. Furthermore, unable to predict the Holocaust (Trotsky was the sole notable exception), the Left remained attached to its outworn dogmas. The emergence of the state of Israel created a new reality that the left chose to either ignore or distort to the point of a grotesque caricature. Instead of the traditional identification with the underdog, the radical Left has decided that Israel represents capitalism at its worst, a new form of colonialism and even racism.

Echoing previous follies, some of those who champion these stances happen to be themselves Jewish. In some respects, it is as if people refuse to learn from history. Perhaps instead of people I should say intellectuals: a species made up of individuals more often than not seduced (and eager to be seduced) by the siren songs of utopianism.

In recent years, leftist biases, stereotypes and delusions regarding Jews, Judaism, and the state of Israel have grown and proliferated. Ironically, most of those who promote and advocate such bigoted, conspiratorial views have no idea that they are merely recycling Adolf Hitler and Joseph Stalin’s murderous visions of a world without Jews.

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  • Chez

    One aspect of the Jewish question in Soviet Russia in the mid 20s had to do with a question of doctrinal ideology. Trotsky, the Jew, embodied the internationalism of ‘permanent revolution’,…Stalin, the Russified Georgian, championed ‘socialism in one country’. As the party was opened up in the mid 20s with the aim of making it more broad-based and inclusive, and the Central Committee enlarged, most of the new members were semi-literate Russians, some not too far removed from the peasantry, Many of these possessed degrees of nationalist and Great-Russian chauvinistic inclinations that fit nicely with premise of ‘socialism in one country.’ The so-called ‘cosmopolitan’, Jewish component advancing the cause of internationalism, represented chiefly by Trotsky and Radek, found themselves marginalized and were eventually removed.

    The fact that Stalin moved against first Trotsky and his supporters and then the other Jews in the leadership, Kamanev and Zinoviev, appears to me to be incidental, having much more to do with power than prejudice. They were his principle competitors to succeed Lenin. No sooner were they gone than he turned on the so-called ‘Rightists’, second-tier leaders like Bukharine, Tomski, Rykov and Uglanov, none of whom were Jewish. Furthermore, Kaganovich was a Jew and remained in Stalin’s inner circle for the duration.

    Milovan Djilas made some interesting observations about Stalin’s mindset towards Jews in ‘Conversations with Stalin.’ On one occasion, at a dinner of the combined Soviet-Yugoslav leadership, he cracked an antisemitic joke, but when Djilas didn’t laugh, Stalin got defensive and said, “Djilas, you too are an antisemite….you too are one”. Djilas was appalled, but could only smile nervously.

    On a later occasion, he heard Stalin both denigrating and yet supporting Hungary’s leaders Rakosi and Gero, both of whom were Jewish. Stalin seemed to see their Jewishness as an asset, because as Djilas put it, “they were rootless and thus more easy to control.”

    Stalin was antisemitic to be sure, but it seemed to have less to do with ideology than personal proclivity. His like or dislike of a given Jew depended on how well that Jew served his (Stalin’s) interests. And the Dr’s Plot notwithstanding, he never engaged in a partial genocide of Jews (the way he did the Ukrainians and the Crimean Tartars). In fact, there are many who believe the Dr’s Plot was a maneuver for something much bigger than an expression of antisemitism. As he aged, Stalin was becoming more insecure and perhaps felt a new purge of the party, a new round of terror ala ’37, would be necessary to keep the apparatus docile and compliant. But if this was the case, for lack of time or planning, it never came to fruition.

  • AlexanderGofen

    Here many concepts are mixed and confused. (1) Jews adherent to Judaism vs. “nothing but ethnic remnants”; (2) Betrayal of the “ethnic only Jews” of the USSR by Stalin and Soviets and the Soviet war on Zionism; (3) The hostility of the Western Lefts to Jews in general and particularly to Israel.

    1) Splitting from the Jewry of the “emancipated” “nothing but ethnic” brand brought a racial component into the Anti-Semitism and the immense tragedies of the 20th century (see http://www.resonoelusono.com/ApostasyOfJewry.htm ).

    2) The Socialist “internationalism” of Sovetskich was always “contaminated” by the “natural” Russian Anti-Semitism. Soviet Anti-Semitism was also the Russian version of the American “Affirmative action”, except that in Russia this action at least “protected” the field for the great majority of the non-Jewish population, while in America it protects the field of unproductive or perverse minorities against the great majority. As to the Zionism, for the USSR it was the only national liberation movement of all in the world which was not recognized as such. On the contrary, KGB designed the policy against Israel, created PLO with Arafat, and persecuted Soviet Jews wishing to immigrate.

    3) The Lefts of the West were always in synch with KGB and Soviet line of politic. That is why for the Lefts too, the oldest and the most just national liberation movement such as Zionism is never recognized as such. Those who are designated “the freedom fighters” by the KGB, are the freedom fighters for the Lefts (see http://www.resonoelusono.com/DeclarationForIsrael.htm )

  • Mick Pieters

    Concerning your tagline “How Bolshevik internationalism degenerated into vicious anti-Semitism.”, consider this:

    “(JTA) — Russian President Vladimir Putin said that at least 80
    percent of the members of the first Soviet government were Jewish.

    “I thought about something just now: The decision to nationalize this
    library was made by the first Soviet government, whose composition was
    80-85 percent Jewish,” Putin said June 13 during a visit to Moscow’s
    Jewish Museum and Tolerance Center.”

    http://www.jta.org/2013/06/19/news-opinion/world/putin-first-soviet-government-was-mostly-jewish

    It would therefore seem more appropriate to have it read “How vicious Bolshevik semitism degenerated into vicious anti-semitism”

    • Anon

      I believe this Putin’s statement had been corrected. In fact, only one person in first Soviet government came from Jewish background – Trotsky.
      Guess Putin read to many websites.

      • reader

        Putin raised in the KGB ranks when the KGB enforced the CPSU policy of state anti-semitism, meaning that the Jews were constantly attacked in the press under the code names of “zionists” and “cosmopolits,” and when they were excluded from particular walks of life altogether – with a few exceptions confirming the rule.

  • adp

    Dr. Tismaneanu,

    This article would have been perfect had you continued with modern day Jewish anti-semitism. They call it “anti-Zionism” but it’s the same old garbage.

  • DontMessWithAmerica

    From the cynical viewpoint of a simple Goy with no faith in any type of government it seems that Jews never needed a Hitler or non-Jewish anti-Semites since history shows they always grew their own. There were always Jews who heard the beat of a different drummer, doubtlessly going back for many centuries before the big one, J.C., the Jew who brought down on Judaism two thousand years of grief. History has led me to suspect that even Mohammed started life as a Jew who unlike Christ was filled with rage over his tribe refusing to accept him and his lunatic ideas. There is, of course, no overall Jewish mentality. It is composed of a diverse collection of opposing mentalities. In America, many of them seem to try to emulate their Arab cousins who produce suicide bombers while American Jews produce suicide voters.

    • Baltimore48

      As a Jew, I agree with you. The exception is Orthodox Jews, who live according to Torah law and, therefore, tend to be non-leftist.

      • victoryman

        200% correct Baltimore48. The problem is, we rarely hear from the Orthodox community……usually traitors like Chomsky and the repulsive Woody Allen are in the headlines. As I suggested on another post, read Joel 3: 9-21.

        • Baltimore48

          You’re correct. And the media are all too happy to report what those useful idiots say.

      • reader

        As a rule of thumb, 75% of American Jews vote Democrat. East European Jews in this country – even though most of them are secular in their upbringing – break down the opposite way, the reason being their real life experience. In fact, leftist – Jewish or not – often outright dismiss real life experience, thus basically making themselves devoted followers of a marxist cult.

    • victoryman

      “Suicide voters.” A wonderful phrase, sir. You are right on target. I believe that the (Jewish) “Suicide” voters do not practice Judaism. Their true religion is liberalism. Going back to recent history, I believe that today’s “Suicide voters” were raised by parents who inculcated them with the belief that the liberal President, FDR, was a “Friend of the Jews.” Nothing could be further from the truth. Just research the history of the S.S. St. Louis, if you want to see the truth. FDR was completely taken in by (Uncle Joe) Stalin. Roosevelt was quoted as stating to Churchill, “If I give Stalin everything he wants, he will be receptive to our ideas in a post war world.” We all know how that worked out for Poland, Czechoslovakia, etc. Remember Churchill’s famous Iron Curtain speech in Missouri? Churchill knew Stalin for WHAT he was. FDR saw Stalin for what he HOPED he was. The “Liberal Jew” of today is wearing the same blinders that were worn in Germany in the 30′s. “It can’t happen here” is the continuing mantra of self deception. Or is it the idea that, “If I am nice to the tiger, maybe he’ll eat me last?” Cannot these liberal folks see that they’ll be the first ones to have their throats slit by the barbarians? Wake up, before it’s too late. Go to your Bible and read Joel 3: 9-21.

    • DmitryFloridian

      Dear DontMessWithAmerica, your creation “…Arab cousins … produce suicide bombers while American Jews produce suicide voters” gives more intelligible explanation of Jewih history (incl. J.C. self-infliction) for the last at least 2000 years than tons of all sages’ volumes. Six million of us ended up in gas chambers due to this suicidal gene. For 40+ years Israelis seemingly developed the immunity to this deadly disease, but Oslo surrender proved that that was just a remission. Next 20 years showed with exponential speed (2005 abandonment of Gaza made it practically incurable) that the virus is alive and kicking. The last actions of Natanyahu really look as the beginning of agony. That proves the logic of your words: Suicide voters do not deserve to have their own State. They also do not deserve to have America, the country which gave us so much, and which they betrayed.

  • PAthena

    Russia under the Tsars would not allow Jews into Russia. Poland was the country with the largest number of Jews. When Poland was divided between Prussia, the Austrian Empire, and Russia in the 18th century, Russia acquired sovereignty over land with many Jews, like Byeloruss. Catherine the Great did not care about the Jews, but her grandson (2), Nicholas II, did and he drove the Jews out of Poland in the 1880s. This caused the mass migration of Jews to the U.S. and Canada in the 1880s.
    Russian antisemitism has continued to the present. The Soviet Union and now Russia campaign(ed) against Israel. The Soviet Union, with Gamal Nasser in Cairo in 1964, invented the “Palestine Liberation Organization” (P.L.O.) which came to fame by murdering the Israeli athletes at the Olympic Games in Munich in 1972 (the name with “Liberation Organization” shows its Soviet origins). This led to the present locution of calling Arabs “Palestinian,” when “Palestinian” and “Palestine” had been synonymous with “Jew” and “Land of the Jews” since the Roman Emperor Hadrian changed the name of Judea to “Palestina” in 135 A.D., after defeating the last Jewish rebellion under Bar Kochba. (That is why Great Britain, after World War I, was awarded the “Palestine Mandate” to be the “homeland of the Jews.”) All the phoney history and propaganda about these Arabs miscalled “Palestinian” has followed.

  • http://www.clarespark.com/ Clare Spark

    The leading (communist) historian, admired by many leading non-communists had a terrible line on Israel, hysterical and very bizarre. See http://clarespark.com/2012/12/08/hobsbawm-obama-israel/. “Hobsbawm, Obama, Israel.”

  • reader

    Trotsky does not come from a “traditional Jewish family”. For one, his parents owned a big chunk of land – a very unusual feat for the Russian or Ukrainian Jews at the time; they did not speak Yiddish or Hebrew and were not observant in general. Moreover, there are claims that Trotsky comes from Pushkin’s lineage – or, more precisely, from the lineage of Pushkin’s out-of-wedlock child put out for adoption to a Jewish family, as was the custom at the time.

  • antioli

    I met several college age Jews coming back from October Fest. After a little discussion I found out that they were still back in the golden age of Spain and that the Muslims and Jews had a lot in common and should get back together.
    They thought the European was the real enemy.
    I thought they may have spent most their lives in a mayonnaise jar on the back porch of Funk and Wagnalls

  • chuckie2u

    As American Liberals and the Democrats pander to Islam it will be interesting to see how the American Jew benefits from their support of the Democratic Party as it adopts Islam. At the rate we are moving Islam will be a major Religious force in America in a short time and will fill the spiritual void created by the Political Lefts Secular Humanism. Maybe like Trotsky the Secular Jews in America will find their friends in Washington will consider their Jewish roots to be a burden and turn on them as did Stalin . I dare say the Jewish Democrats are in for a purge.

    • Baltimore48

      Interesting theory. Frightening, but definitely thought-provoking.

      Also, the liberal media will be in for a real surprise if Muslims gain a lot of power. Guess who won’t get to be liberal reporters anymore?! They will be some of the first people that Islamists will turn on and “turn off”–literally.

  • herb benty

    C’mon now, get serious, if even these saturated and commited commies were not accepted because they were Jews, there must be a part of the story missing. Oh ya, there is a God, He loves the Jewish people and Christians, meaning these two groups will never be accepted into a DEVILISH scheme.

  • DeShawn

    Man, how GULLABLE do you think we goys are? You want us to believe that communists wer e “anti-semitic”? Then how come the leading communists were JEWS? How come Marx and Lenin were JEWS? How come Stalin had a JEWISH wife? My fellow gentiles, please don’t believe these fairy tails; educate yourselves. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WrieUdYe_e8

    • Baltimore48

      Did you read (and understand) the article ??

      • reader

        Please don’t feed the nazi troll.

      • DeShawn

        Did you watch the video I posted? Will you read David Duke’s excellent new book, The Secret Behind Communism?

        • Baltimore48

          David Duke is a former Grand Wizard of the Knights of the Ku Klux Klan. He is a white separatist. He probably thinks that the “Protocols” were real and not completely made up. Come to think of it, you probably think so too. No, I don’t follow racial bigots.

        • UCSPanther

          Only an idiot like you could fall for David Duke’s propaganda…

        • DmitryFloridian

          I have no desire to argue with this illiterate idiot, who obviously can’t comprehend the article and apparently simply migrating from blog to blog to spew his incoherent garbage, But… Existence of such neanderthals is the best proof for JEWS, BEWARE! He’ll be the most joyful participant in pogroms when Obama decides that blaming Bush isn’t cutting it anymore and he needs a new scapegoat. Unarmed “suicide voters” [one more time kudos to DontMessWithAmerica] Jews will be his first choice..

    • UCSPanther

      Marked for deletion, you propaganda spewing coward.

      • DeShawn

        Yeah, that’s right, you go ahead and censor me, you lying jew. Talk about cowards…if you can’t refute my TRUTH (which of course you can’t), you make it as if I never said anything. Kinda like what your buddy Stalin used to do in erasing people. Censor me if you have to, but it won’t stop the truth from getting out. People are waking up to the jewish threat EVERY day…you know and I do. You’re losing, and we’re taking back our country.

        • reader

          Refuting your “truth” is very easy. Lenin was not a Jew and neither was Stalin’s wife. Of the 19 members of the original Bolshevik government Sovnarkom, only Trotsky was Jewish – and he was Jewish only on paper, coming from a family with little or no connection to Judaism. And if you are waking up to the Jewish threat every day, try not to go to sleep at all, schizo.

        • iluvisrael

          You feel threatened by Jews? You must be a pathetic and weak little coward. Go run to your momma.

        • UCSPanther

          You try to wipe us out, and you will end up just like Trayvon…

    • DontMessWithAmerica

      Hey, N-word, learn to spell before you send your dumb, mother effing N-word comments.

  • Reco2

    “The official terms for Jews was “rootless cosmopolitans.” Like in the
    National Socialist demonology, they were stigmatized as the driving
    force of the execrated capitalism, carriers of decadent values, agents
    of treason and dissolution.”

    Nonsense, like the insane David Duke, the Nazis believed that Jews were behind the communist movement and were responsible for the 1918 revolution which overthrew the Kiaser and the destruction of imperial germany(Which the Nazis loved)

    Many German capitalists were also very anti Semitic.

    • reader

      Nonsense is the belief that nazis and commies are diametrically opposite. In fact, about the only distinction is that commies are international socialist/communist and nazis are national socialist. NSDAP (AKA the Nazi Party) stands for the German National Socialist Workers Party, and its program was very much socialist.

  • Spartacus

    Communism bad for jews ? Really ? Is that why in 1956 your father was arresting people in Romania and sending them to prison ?

    https://en(DOT)wikipedia(DOT)org/wiki/Leonte_Tism%C4%83neanu

    This guy is the son of a Bolshevik Kommisar that killed many of my people, and I strongly suggest FPM stop publishing his idiot ramblings .

    • Ken Kelso

      The Romanians helped the Nazis murder 400,000 Jews in WW2 in Romania.

      ‘Ignoring Romania’s WWII complicity – not an option’

      Romanian government’s role in murder of more than 400,000 Jews must be widely exposed
      Oleksandr Feldman
      11.02.11

      More than 70 years after World War II, one would think that few secrets remain from what might be the most heavily researched and examined period in world history.

      Each year, however, historians uncover new elements to the scope of horror that defined this era – and in particular the Holocaust. The sheer magnitude of human evil is difficult enough to comprehend, but when one looks at the mass murder of an entire people, it becomes all the more unfathomabl

      One such example must be the complicity of the Romanian government in the murder of more than 400,000 Jews, the vast majority of them in the villages and forests of the Ukraine

      Among Hitler’s allies, the Romanians are all too often forgotten. Unlike Japan and Italy, Romania wasn’t driven by a global conquest complex. Its motivations for an alliance with Germany were not principled or ideological; they were simply based on what was viewed to be in Romania’s narrow national interest. Yet, the crimes perpetrated were no less evil and perhaps even worse than many other nations typically thought of as partners with the Nazis.

      In 1939, at the outbreak of WWII, Romania adopted an official policy of neutrality. However the increasing instability in Europe and growing anti-Semitism lead a Fascist political force known as the Iron Guard to rise to power. The regime’s policy platform was staunchly anti-communist and ultra-nationalistic.

      Members were known for their virulent anti-Semitism. During this period, the growing weakness of Romania’s main territorial guarantors France and Britain became increasingly obvious. The Iron Guard already favored an alliance with Nazi Germany and hoped their alliance would ensure similar territorial guarantees from the Germans.

      The result was a tragedy for the Jews of Romania who consequently suffered inexplicable evils at the hands of their own countrymen and neighbors. In 1941, in one (of many) pogroms alone, 15,000 Jews perished in the city of Iasi. The horrific act was carried out by squads of Romanian soldiers and policemen. The Jews also suffered regularly from violent mobs in what amounted to state-sponsored genocide.

      The brutality of the Romanians extended beyond its borders and into Ukraine where many Jews fell victim to German-controlled Romanian forces. During the Odessa Massacre in 1941, Romanian soldiers gleefully took part in a gruesome attack against over 19,000 Ukrainian Jews.

      The Romanians sought reprisal for a bomb attack they believed to be carried out by Jews. The entire local Jewish community was assembled in a square, sprayed with gasoline and burned alive.

      Romania failed to acknowledge these genocidal outrages along with a multitude of similar acts carried out against Romanian and Ukrainian Jewry for over a decade AFTER the fall of communism. Adding further insult to the memory of the murder victims, no responsibility was ever taken for the fate of murdered Jews inside Romania or in the Ukraine during their occupation there.

      Until today there remain serious distortions of history regarding Romania’s role in WWII and more specifically the Holocaust. In recent years, only following significant international pressure, did the Romanian government agree to create a panel of historians to investigate their nation’s actions during the Holocaust.

      The commission compiled undeniable evidence that implicated Romanian culpability in the systematic murder of Jews. It also found that Romania bore responsibility for the deaths of more Jews than any other German allied country other than Germany itself.

      Yet in the face of all the evidence, the clear destruction of communities and loss of life, Romania maintained its innocence. In an attempt to absolve themselves of any guilt or responsibility Romania has consistently laid blame exclusively on the Germans, the Hungarians, virtually everyone else in the area except their own regime and the people who supported it.

      Evidence of pogroms and the fact that death trains were dispatched from Romanian cities was eventually, reluctantly acknowledged by the authorities. Even then it was under the guise that such tragedies were not ethnically based and took place because of the communist sympathies of the murdered victims (i.e., Jews).

      Tragically as recently as 2003, Romanian officials, including then-president Ion Iliescu, declared that it was “unjust to link Romania to the persecution of the Jews in Europe” and that numbers were being inflated for the sake of media impact. The odd ‘academic’ revisionist or extremist kook who denies the Holocaust is uniformly ostracized by the civilized world.

      Yet, hardly an eyebrow was raised when the national leader of a bona fide nation state essentially denied the Holocaust, or at least Romania’s sanguinary complicity in mass murder.

      If Romania wants to be a respected member of the community of nations, it must confront and accept the horrors of its past in the same ways as have so many other European governments.

      With this goal sharply in mind, we will gather—for the first time ever—on November 9th in Kiev for a Conference to highlight the role of Romania in the Holocaust in Ukraine and other countries of the former Soviet Union.

      We will present the Romanian Government with an historic opportunity to address the horrific crimes of their past. Only in admitting guilt will Romania be able to properly commemorate the memories of the victims and establish a new generation of understanding, education and atonement

    • Ken Kelso

      Spartacus, please google this article.

      ‘Ignoring Romania’s WWII complicity – not an option’

      Romanian government’s role in murder of more than 400,000 Jews must be widely exposed
      Oleksandr Feldman
      11.02.11

      • Spartacus

        I don’t see what that has to do with my post, but I’ll humor you :

        1. That article has been debunked before, the most glaring defect being that they consider the nearly 200.000 jews deported from north-western Transilvania by the HUNGARIAN government as being victims of Romania, which was not the case.

        2.Of the rest, approx. 2/3 died of starvation and disease caused directly or indirectly by war.

        3.The rest were indeed butchered, but it was nothing that they didn’t deserve .

        Are you satisfied now ?

        • Ken Kelso

          Spartacus says, The rest were indeed butchered, but it was nothing that they didn’t deserve .

          We have a SpartacusNazi here supporting Romanian Nazis who slaughtered defenseless Jews.

          When the Romanians and Nazis had to fight Russian soldiers, they got wiped out by Zhukov and Konev.
          Romanians are best at murdering women and children.

          Romania, an ally of Nazi Germany from 1940 to 1944, had a Jewish population of about 757,000 before World War II. Extreme antisemitic tendencies, long evident in the country, escalated on the eve of the war.

          In June 1941, in the weeks following the invasion of the USSR by Nazi Germany and the Romanian army (under the dictatorship of Ion Antonescu), the Romanian army, with the partial cooperation ofEinsatzgruppe D and some of the local population, massacred 100,000-120,000 of the Jewish population of Bessarabia and North Bukovina (areas annexed by the USSR from Romania in June 1940). The slaughter was carried out on the orders of Marshal Ion Antonescu, the fascist dictator of Romania. Similar massacres were carried out by the Romanian army in Western Ukraine and especially in the city of Odessa. Prior to this, Romanian soldiers, police and civilians slaughtered 15,000 Jews in the city of Iasi and carried out pogroms against the Jews of other cities in Romanian territory.

          In Summer-Autumn 1941on the orders of the Romanian authorities, survivors of the massacre in Bessarabia and North Bukovina together with Jews from South Bukovina and the Dorohoi region (which were part of Romania) were brutally deported to the ghettoes and death camps of Transnistria in West Ukraine, a largely unsettled area between the Dniester and Bug rivers that Nazi Germany had ceded to Romania in return for its participation in the war against the Soviet Union. From the time of their deportation to Transnistria until their liberation by the Red Army in March 1944, 120,000 of the deportees perished as a result of murder, hypothermia, starvation and epidemics. This in addition to the tens of thousands of the local Jews in Transnistria who were victims of the Romanian invasion.

          In total, 380,000 – 400,000 Jews, including the Jews of Transnistria, were murdered in Romanian-controlled areas under the dictatorship of Antonescu.

        • Ken Kelso

          Romania, an ally of Nazi Germany from 1940 to 1944, had a Jewish population of about 757,000 before World War II. Extreme antisemitic tendencies, long evident in the country, escalated on the eve of the war.

          In June 1941, in the weeks following the invasion of the USSR by Nazi Germany and the Romanian army (under the dictatorship of Ion Antonescu), the Romanian army, with the partial cooperation ofEinsatzgruppe D and some of the local population, massacred 100,000-120,000 of the Jewish population of Bessarabia and North Bukovina (areas annexed by the USSR from Romania in June 1940). The slaughter was carried out on the orders of Marshal Ion Antonescu, the fascist dictator of Romania. Similar massacres were carried out by the Romanian army in Western Ukraine and especially in the city of Odessa. Prior to this, Romanian soldiers, police and civilians slaughtered 15,000 Jews in the city of Iasi and carried out pogroms against the Jews of other cities in Romanian territory.

          In Summer-Autumn 1941on the orders of the Romanian authorities, survivors of the massacre in Bessarabia and North Bukovina together with Jews from South Bukovina and the Dorohoi region (which were part of Romania) were brutally deported to the ghettoes and death camps of Transnistria in West Ukraine, a largely unsettled area between the Dniester and Bug rivers that Nazi Germany had ceded to Romania in return for its participation in the war against the Soviet Union. From the time of their deportation to Transnistria until their liberation by the Red Army in March 1944, 120,000 of the deportees perished as a result of murder, hypothermia, starvation and epidemics. This in addition to the tens of thousands of the local Jews in Transnistria who were victims of the Romanian invasion.

          In total, 380,000 – 400,000 Jews, including the Jews of Transnistria, were murdered in Romanian-controlled areas under the dictatorship of Antonescu.

        • Ken Kelso

          Spartacus your comments prove to me that Stalin was to light on the Romanian and German Nazis in 44 and 45.

          Stalin should have wiped out all you Nazis.
          It was nothing that you didn’t deserve .

          • Spartacus

            No, it is we who are going to wipe you cockroaches of the face of the earth. You think your little Holohoax sob story intimidates anybody anymore ? You think all the destruction you vermin have brought forth on the white race through communism, feminism, multiculturalism and all the other marxist bull isn’t gonna come back to haunt you soon ?

            Mark my words jew – All the blood of our race that you’ve spilled will be paid for. And this time, it’s not gonna be just a PR stunt .

          • Ken Kelso

            The last time i checked, Romanian and German Nazis got wiped out by Stalin.

          • Spartacus

            If that were true, I wouldn’t be writing this, would I ?

  • Reco2

    No, National Socialist had a capitalist economy and right wing social values….whilst the Soviet union had a socialist economy and leftist social values. There was no party called the international socialist party…stop being so dishonest

    • reader

      This is totally incoherent. First of all, read the NSDAP program for starters. If that’s not socialist, nothing is. Secondly, there cannot be a capitalist economy without respect for private property, and there is no respect for private property, when the state can arbitrarily rob and enslave its citizens and practice various social engineering programs, including eugenics. As Viktor Suvorov put it, about the only difference was the shape of mustache.

      • Reco2

        Hitler had the person responsible for the economic aspects of NSDAP program executed in 1934 during the night of the long knives….Hitler actually priviitsed the economy and had the support of most of Germany’s major capitalist.

        Suvorrov was born in 1947…….what would he know?

        How about we hear the opinion of one of Germany’s leading capitalists

        The economy needed a steady or growing development. Because of the rivalries between the many political parties in Germany and the general
        disorder there was no opportunity for prosperity. … Wethought that Hitler would give us such a healthy environment. Indeed he did do that.

        Germany’s richest man said Hitler was good for business…..of course he wasnt the only capitalist to support Hitler….founder of Hugo Boss, Adidas, Puma, CEO of Allianz, Ceo Of IG Farben….need i go on?

        • reader

          Hitler privatized the economy? Really? And when was the German economy nationalized exactly.

          And this one here : Suvorovov wouldn’t know anything because he was born in 1947? Wow. No comment.

          Finally, speaking of good for business: Lenin made deals with Armand Hammer, and Stalin made deals with Albert Kahn – just off top of my head. Check it out.

          • Reco2

            They were foreign capitalists who did not own capital in Russia. Hitler made deals with German capitalists such as Krupp, Flick, Ig Farben and Hugo Boss….

            The Nazis even coined the term privatization.

    • evia

      There is no thing as socialist economy. It never worked as “planned economy”. Communist economy, even when envisioned by Marx was in fact a state economy controlled by an elite. For ideological sake this economy has been disguised in syntagms as “people’s property” and other delusional nonsense. In essence the same formula is in works only with new terminology as “free trade” and “global economy”, it’s all meant to be controlled by an elite, this time under the guise of an evolved capitalism, ruled by few corporations that all tend to reach the level of a monopoly where no competition is allowed. These two expressions of an economical model are two faces of the same scope of work which ties both, communism and capitalism with no rules.

  • evia

    Ken Kelso contributions are copy-paste from Zionist official version of History globally spread by their strong arm also known as “poison pen press”. Kelso should start his stories with the year 1940 when soviet troops led by Jewish commissars occupied Basarabia and North-Bucovina, just to fairly keep track of the horrors and crimes these international thugs inflicted on Romanian people.

    You should all know that Tismaneanu’s father was the Jewish communist born Leonid Tisminețki, member of the so-called Romanian Communist Party which by the way did not gather more that few hundred members until the end of the war. Vladimir Tismaneanu is payed by the Zionists to do what his does today, his credentials as an academic figure is also built-up with the help of American hijacked academia.
    It’s good that you mentioned the Iasi incident in 1941, so far fetched in terms of figures and responsibilities as your whole lot of fantasies. What is not a fantasy though is the way that one year before in Iasi, the population of the Jewish ghetto was signaling to the soviet military aircrafts, for them to know where to bomb, using red lights hidden in the smoke chimneys.
    Cheers to all, always eager to dismantle lies, especially of those like Kelso!

    • Ken Kelso

      Earth to Evia, the Romanians joined the Nazis in invading Russia. The Romanians and Nazis thought the Russians would be defeated in a month.
      Man does that show how stupid you Nazis are.
      Why don’t you visit Stalingrad and see Stalin’s victory.
      Hitler blames everyone else but himself for the fact the Russians wiped out you Nazis.

  • evia

    Kelso’s contributions here are copy-paste from Zionist official version of History globally spread by their strong arm also known as “poison pen press”.

    Kelso should start his stories with the year 1940 when soviet troops led by Jewish commissars occupied Basarabia and North-Bucovina, just to fairly keep
    track of the horrors and crimes these international thugs inflicted on Romanian people.

    You should all know that Tismaneanu’s father was the Jewish
    communist born Leonid Tisminețki, member of the so-called Romanian
    Communist Party which by the way did not gather more that few hundred
    members until the end of the war. Vladimir Tismaneanu is payed by the
    Zionists to do what his does today, his credentials as a scholar figure is also built-up with the help of American hijacked academia.

    This is not an attack to Tismaneanu

    It’s good that Kelso mentioned the Iasi incident in 1941, so far fetched in
    terms of figures and responsibilities as your whole lot of fantasies.
    What is not a fantasy though is the way that one year before in Iasi, the population of the Jewish ghetto was signaling to the soviet military air crafts, for them to know where to drop the bombs, using red lights hidden in
    the smoke chimneys on top of the roofs.

    When they, the “chosen people” bring up an unreal issue as laughable as Mr. Tismaneanu is doing with this article is only to deceive, to artificially create sides to take for the non-Jews only and finally to invent another motive for the goyim to take up and feel sorry for Jews.

    Most of the comments here are as less critical as not to succeed to seeing that the Jewish elite worldwide played at both ends of an artificially created dualism of communism-capitalism that dominated XXth century. Most of us revolve around important matters forgetting that communism was nothing more than a state capitalism with genocidal inclinations. Marx himself, strangely careful with this matter, stated that the communist society will be using a a financial system where a central bank only will have the privilege loan money and these loans will not be debt-free. Does this sound familiar to you?

    Cheers to all, always eager to dismantle lies, especially of those like Kelso!

  • evia

    Kelso’s contributions or others alike are copy-paste from Zionist official
    version of History globally spread by their strong arm also known as “poison pen press”.

    Kelso should start his stories with the year 1940 when soviet troops led by Jewish commissars occupied Basarabia and North-Bucovina, just to fairly keep track of the horrors and crimes these international thugs inflicted on Romanian people before the alliance with Germany in 1941.

    You should all know that Tismaneanu’s father was a Jewish communist born
    Leonid Tisminețki, member of the so-called Romanian Communist Party since 1933, party which by the way, did not gather more that few hundred members until the end of the war. Vladimir Tismaneanu is payed by the Zionists
    to do what his does today, his credentials as a scholar figure is also
    built-up with the help of American hijacked academia.

    It’s good that Kelso mentioned the Iasi incident in 1941, so far fetched in
    terms of figures and responsibilities as your whole lot of fantasies.
    What is not a fantasy though is the way that one year before in Iasi, the
    population of the Jewish ghetto was signaling to the soviet military air
    crafts, for them to know where to drop the bombs, using red lights
    hidden in the smoke chimneys on top of the roofs.

    When they, the “chosen people”, bring up an unreal issue as laughable as Mr.
    Tismaneanu is doing with this article is to deceive only, to artificially create sides to take for the non-Jews only and finally to invent another motive for the goyim to take up to feel sorry for Jews.

    Most of the comments here are as less critical as not to succeed to seeing
    that the Jewish elite worldwide played at both ends of an artificially
    created dualism of communism-capitalism that dominated XXth century.
    Most of us revolve around important matters forgetting that communism
    was nothing more than a state capitalism with genocidal inclinations.
    Marx himself, strangely careful with this matter, stated that the future
    communist society will be using a a financial system where a central
    bank only will have the privilege loan money and these loans will not be
    debt-free. What a visionary this character was, almost fifty years before the Federal Reserve of US to come in existence under Zionist captive american president Wilson. Does this sound familiar to you?

    Cheers to all eager to dismantle lies and see through, especially of those like Kelso!

  • evia

    Kelso’s contributions or others alike are copy-paste from Zionist official version of History globally spread by their strong arm also known as “poison pen press”.

    Kelso
    should start his stories with the year 1940 when soviet troops led by
    Jewish commissars occupied Basarabia and North-Bucovina, just to fairly
    keep track of the horrors and crimes these international thugs inflicted
    on Romanian people before the alliance with Germany in 1941.

    You should all know that Tismaneanu’s father was a Jewish communist born Leonid Tisminețki, member of the so-called Romanian Communist Party
    since 1933, party which by the way, did not gather more that few hundred
    members until the end of the war. Vladimir Tismaneanu is payed by the
    Zionists
    to do what his does today, his credentials as a scholar figure is also built-up with the help of American hijacked academia.

    It’s good that Kelso mentioned the Iasi incident in 1941, so far fetched in terms of figures and responsibilities as his whole lot of fantasies.
    What is not a fantasy though is the way that one year before in Iasi, the population of the Jewish ghetto was signaling to the soviet military air crafts, for them to know where to drop the bombs, using red lights hidden in the smoke chimneys on top of the roofs.

    When they, the “chosen people”, bring up an unreal issue as laughable as Mr. Tismaneanu
    is doing with this article is to deceive only, to artificially create
    sides to take for the non-Jews only and finally to invent another motive
    for the goyim to take up to feel sorry for Jews.

    Most of the comments here are as less critical as not to succeed to seeing that the Jewish elite worldwide played at both ends of an artificially created dualism of communism-capitalism that dominated XXth century.

    Most of us revolve around important matters forgetting that communism was nothing more than a state capitalism with genocidal inclinations and class hatred directed to peasants as the most conservative layer of the Russian society at the time.
    Marx himself, strangely careful with this matter, stated that the future communist society will be using a a financial system where a central bank only will have the privilege loan money and these loans will not be

    debt-free. What a visionary this character was, almost fifty years
    before the Federal Reserve of US to come in existence under Zionist
    captive american president Wilson. Does this sound familiar to you?

    Cheers to all eager to dismantle lies and see through, especially of those like Kelso is accommodating here!

  • evia

    Let’s see what Mikhail Bakunin, a leader in the socialist-anarchist movement of the 19th century, had to say about Jews. This character fits almost completely Tismaneanu’s profile of a leftist that is also anti-Semitic. I fail to see why Bakunin’s arguments would be a sign of betrayal. Exactly, whose betrayal?

    “This whole Jewish world, comprising a single exploiting sect, a kind of blood sucking people, a kind of organic destructive collective parasite, going beyond not only the frontiers of states, but of political opinion, this world is now, at least for the most part, at the disposal of Marx on the one hand, and of Rothschild on the other… This may seem strange. What can there be in common between socialism and a leading bank? The point is that authoritarian socialism, Marxist communism, demands a strong centralisation of the state. And where there is centralisation of the state, there must necessarily be a central bank, and where such a bank exists, the parasitic Jewish nation, speculating with the Labour of the people, will be found.”

    Mikhail Bakunin, 1907, ‘Oeuvres’, Vol. 1, 5th Edition, P. V. Stock: Paris, p. 243-244