Lionizing the Enemy

9780465013630_p0_v2_s260x420A project is underway to rehabilitate the self-exiled Sixties radical, anti-Semite and “black power” advocate Stokely Carmichael.

The opening salvo in this revisionist project of the Afro-centrist Marxist Left in academia is Stokely: A Life, by Peniel E. Joseph, which was recently published by BasicCivitas Books.

It is more infomercial than biography, calculated to transform its negligible subject into a towering figure of historic importance, and to whitewash the damage he did. Joseph’s central argument is that Carmichael was a “rock star” activist who inspired generations and who singlehandedly changed the course of American history.

Perversely, Joseph calls Carmichael a civil rights leader. If that fairly summarizes Carmichael’s work, he was a civil rights leader only in the bizarre modern sense that racial arsonist like Al Sharpton is a civil rights leader.

It is difficult to imagine an American civil rights leader making common cause with ruthless African dictators but that is what Carmichael did. He changed his name to Kwame Toure to honor two of them. In his self-imposed exile he was a courtier to brutal racist tyrants. He was a friend of Ugandan butcher Idi Amin, and rationalized away the relationship by reminding himself that Amin was anti-American and anti-Zionist. Carmichael even accepted Ugandan citizenship.

He was also a friend of Libyan dictator Muammar Qaddafi. Libya came closest to accomplishing Carmichael’s vision of a socialist state, according to Joseph.

It is difficult to image an American civil rights leader going abroad to help hostile powers, but this is what Carmichael did.

Carmichael visited Communist Cuba, giving aid and comfort to America’s enemies abroad. While there he called Abraham Lincoln a racist and helped Cuba’s propaganda effort against the United States. After spending three days with Fidel Castro he told reporters that the conversations he had with him were the “most educational, most interesting, and most enlightening of my public life.”

Carmichael praised the world’s most prolific mass murderer, Mao Zedong, as “a great Chinese leader, the greatest Chinese leader there is.” He palled around with Communist Vietnam’s Ho Chi Minh and called for the U.S. to be defeated in Vietnam.

Not surprisingly, Carmichael was friends with Communist propagandist Howard Zinn and an acolyte of Nation of Islam demagogue Louis Farrakhan. Carmichael received political and financial support from Farrakhan’s organization.

It is impossible to imagine an American civil rights leader’s of the Martin Luther King Jr. era urging his followers to destroy their own country, but this is what Carmichael did. Revolutionary violence was the way to promote black power, in Carmichael’s view.

“It’s your town, if you want to burn it, burn it!” he said in a speech. “Don’t pray for power, don’t beg for power!” He called for an armed revolution capable of inflicting “maximum damage with a minimum of losses of black people.”

Although author Joseph strains to suggest Carmichael and Martin Luther King enjoyed a friendly relationship based on mutual respect and admiration, he leaves out his subject’s angry denunciations of King. As he urged blacks to seek “national liberation” from the rest of the U.S., Carmichael denounced King as an “Uncle Tom,” and rejected integration as a sellout to “white supremacy.”

Carmichael, who popularized the phrase black power, was a demagogue who believed that the ends justify the means. He was a leader who had no qualms about hurting other people on the long, blood-drenched road to utopia.

“When you talk of black power,” Carmichael said, “you talk of building a movement that will smash everything Western civilization has created.”

More moderate civil rights leaders at the time thought Carmichael was dangerous and possibly deranged. They urged that he be ostracized, treated as a “black Trotskyite.” Roy Wilkins of the NAACP said black power was a form of racism that could lead to “black death.” “It is a reverse Mississippi, a reverse Hitler, a reverse Ku Klux Klan.”

Professor Joseph, the founder and current director of the Center for the Study of Race and Democracy at Tufts University, is ideally suited for the task of performing plastic surgery on Carmichael’s legacy. He isn’t a serious historian but a professional apologist for black racism. A devotee of the cult known as “engaged scholarship” — academic argot for leftist propaganda disguised as scholarship — he forfeits the privilege of being taken seriously by serving as hero worshiper instead of honest chronicler.

This vein of so-called scholarship is widespread in the academy. For example, Syracuse University-based Imagining America, a consortium of more than 100 colleges and universities, is devoted to rewriting the American narrative along the lines of Communist Party USA member Howard Zinn’s bestselling book-length fiction, A People’s History of the United States. The professor-propagandist boasts at his online home that he is “the founder of a growing subfield in American History and Africana Studies that he has characterized as ‘Black Power Studies’ which is actively rewriting postwar American and African American History as well as related interdisciplinary fields of Africana Studies, law and society, sociology, political science, Women’s and Ethnic Studies, philosophy, anthropology, literary studies, and American Studies to name a few.” [italics added]

Not surprisingly, the book itself is fluff more appropriate to the pages of Rolling Stone or People magazine. It papers over or downplays Carmichael’s many egregious flaws.

In reality, Carmichael was not heroic. He was a paranoid, racist, who was rejected by the civil rights movement he claimed to serve. He was widely hated across America — and distrusted by actual civil rights leaders — for his virulently anti-American pronouncements and his calls for revolutionary violence to be used to destroy both the United States and all of Western civilization.

His hatred of America was profound. The United States, he said, was “the most disgusting country in the world.” The Trinidadian-born agitator urged that black power be used not only to cripple America, his adopted homeland, but also to bring down the civilized world.

Joseph papers over Carmichael’s worst attributes.

He argues that Carmichael’s opposition to the existence of the State of Israel was misinterpreted as anti-Semitism. The fact that the activist praised Adolf Hitler as a “genius” did not make Carmichael a Jew-hater because he tacked on the proviso that what the German dictator did was “wrong” and “evil.”

He called Israel a proxy for U.S. imperialism and sided with the Palestinians over the Jewish state. He equated Zionism with racism before the United Nations followed suit in 1975.

But Joseph leaves out Carmichael’s chilling statement in 1967 that “The only good Zionist is a dead Zionist.” and launched the revival of overt anti-Semitism in the black left and eventually in the left generally.

Carmichael flirted with nonviolence for a time. He was elected chairman of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee or SNCC (pronounced snick) defeating now Congressman John Lewis (D-Ga.), an integrationist, for the position. As Joseph notes in a moment of rare candor, the decline of SNCC can be traced directly to Carmichael taking the group over in 1966, and turning his back on King’s legacy.

In a major unforced error, Joseph accuses the FBI of Red-baiting Carmichael. The agency “routinely investigated wild rumors and false sightings that connected the SNCC chairman to the Communist Party and related organizations,” Joseph writes.

But elsewhere in the book, the author describes Carmichael’s ties to Communist Party USA officials and notes that he attended Young Communist League meetings. So they weren’t “wild rumors and false sightings” at all.

Carmichael mocked calls for “integration,” saying they amounted to “a subterfuge for the maintenance of white supremacy.” Upon taking the reins at SNCC, he fired all white staff members and badmouthed whites who had backed the cause previously.

Around that time he publicly spoke of the importance of “offing the pigs” and “killing the honkies.” He urged the dynamiting of businesses and expressed hope that black U.S. soldiers serving in Vietnam would one day come home and “kill in the streets” of America. He encouraged blacks to riot in order to give white America “a little taste of chaos” and vowed that “[t]he Negro [was] going to take what he deserves from the white man.”

During his time as leader, or “prime minister” of the Black Panther Party, he urged the group to sever all its alliances with whites. Joseph ignores the fact that he failed and “this tactical disagreement led to Carmichael’s expulsion from the party and a ritual beating by his former BPP comrades.”He died at the age of 57 of prostate cancer that he accused the U.S. government of giving to him. That cancer “was given to me by forces of American imperialism and others who conspired with them,” he claimed.

But by the time of his passing in 1998, Carmichael was largely forgotten. He marginalized himself by emigrating to Africa and pursuing a political agenda that few cared about.

Even the New York Times, the agenda-setting, politically correct house organ of American progressivism, thought of Carmichael as a relative nobody when he died.

The newspaper published an unflattering obituary that essentially deemed the life’s work of Carmichael, who upon moving to Africa rechristened himself Kwame Ture, a waste of time that in the end had little impact:

“Mr. Ture, who changed his name in 1978 to honor Kwame Nkrumah and Ahmed Sekou Toure, two African dictators who had befriended him, spent 30 years in Guinea, calling himself a revolutionary and advocating a Pan-African ideology that evoked few resonances in the United States, or, for that matter, Africa.”

Yet Joseph portrays Carmichael as a giant of the civil rights movement who changed the course of history. “Carmichael’s bold antiwar rhetoric provided the intellectual and political contours for whites to engage in a global assault against American imperialism,” Joseph swoons.

Like a modern-day Obama zombie, the author characterizes Carmichael as courageous, intelligent, physically attractive, charismatic, and in possession of a robust sense of humor. It is reminiscent of the cartoonishly hagiographic treatment Kim Jong-un might receive in the North Korea press.

Joseph calls Carmichael “a rock star whose political speeches proved no less popular than a musical performance,” and likens him to John the Baptist.

Carmichael was not only “the most important black radical activist of his generation,” but also “the most effective and controversial activist of his generation,” Joseph opines, elevating his subject over Martin Luther King Jr. and the leaders of the various influential countercultural and political movements of the 1960s and 70s.

He played a “central role in reshaping domestic race relations and reimagining American democracy,” Joseph writes breathlessly.

“Through speeches, books, and interviews, Carmichael transformed the discourse on race, war, and democracy … [and] shaped the contours of civil rights and Black Power activism through participation in sit-ins, Freedom Rides, independent political organizing, and antiwar protests.”

Joseph’s comrades in the academy are fawning over the book, only too happy to help push this new narrative on an unsuspecting public.

Pseudo-intellectual race-baiter Michael Eric Dyson of Georgetown University is part of this push to craft Carmichael into a founding father of a new America. The MSNBC talking head calls the book “a magisterial biography of one of the most important figures in the history of the black freedom struggle in America.”

Following the Left’s playbook, which requires characterizing evil men of the Left not as evil but as complex and difficult to understand, Dyson said if Martin Luther King “was the King of civil disobedience, then Carmichael was the Prince of black revolution, and Stokely is the brilliant chronicle of his complicated and remarkable reign during tempestuous times.” Dyson lays it on thick, hailing Joseph’s competent but dull prose as the product of a “poetic pen.”

Al Sharpton’s Marxist political adviser, Cornel West, who is better known for palling around with Hugo Chavez and acting in two Matrix sequels, than for his so-called scholarship, predictably calls Stokely a “marvelous book.”

The book highlights “Carmichael’s profound love affair with Black people [which] made him one of the great revolutionary figures of the twentieth century,” says West, currently with Union Theological Seminary. West has also defended Farrakhan’s racism and anti-Semitism as reflecting a profound love of black people.

His reference to Carmichael’s “love affair” with blacks also brings to mind sociopathic tee shirt icon Che Guevara’s creepy aphorism about true revolutionaries being “guided by a great feeling of love.” (Carmichael identified with Guevara, who spoke of launching a nuclear attack against New York City, and referred to him as one of his personal heroes.)

The academic embrace of this anti-American, anti-Semitic race-hater is just another sign of how the left has destroyed a great institution and turned it into a propaganda mill.

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  • SCREW SOCIALISM

    stokley carmichael was an angry little man, who hated America and moved to Africa where reality hit him in the face.

    Nobody cared about stokely carmichael in Africa.

    stokley died a bitter and forgotten savage.

    • http://tinatrent.com/ Tina Trent

      If only he were forgotten. But thanks to radical academics with no real standards — and the silence of the dwindling pool of real historians who are afraid to speak out about such perversion of their discipline — this sort of claptrap whitewashing of facts and apologetics for virulent sexism, anti-semitism, and white-hatred is what your children and grandchildren will be taught in schools, and K – 12 too. And increasingly it is all they are taught. Carmichael’s peers may have seen him the way you see him — as a dangerous and dismissible loose wheel, but now he and other hateful Marxist trash are lionized by academics seeking to dumb down their students and educate them only in self-loathinng and hatred of their country and each other.

      It’s the most important thing happening today: destruction of education to prepare ignorant youth to be stormtroopers tomorrow.

      • Habbgun

        If Carmichael was a nobody then anyone writing about him is a bigger nobody. None of this would be happening without taxpayer money. If we can’t get the monopolistic and corrupt university system overturned then we are the problem. There will always be bastards where money is to be made.

        • hiernonymous

          “If Carmichael was a nobody then anyone writing about him is a bigger nobody.”

          Mr. Vadum might resent that.

          • Webb

            You pitiful troll snipe, you know he was talking about the author of the book, but you can’t resist letting some pus roll out of your diseased mouth.

          • Steve

            So why is Vaddum writing about the book?

          • Isaac Newton

            Vaddum is exposing him you idiot.

          • Steve

            Puh-leeze. Vaddum is just throwing red (or black) meat to his racist minions who are obsessed with anti-black animus. If Carmichael was a nobody, why even discuss him or a book about him?

          • Isaac Newton

            Nobody said that Stokely was a nobody. He hated white people and wanted them all dead just like Hitler wanted all Jews dead. Some idiot “professor” wrote a book glorifying his legacy. That’s is like glorifying Hitler. Once again Vaddum is exposing this scum bag. And stop bringing up racism. Nobody cares about racism unless it compells a person to commit genocide. Crying “racism racism racism” is just whining. Stop whining and get a job.

          • Steve

            So Carmichael is like Hitler in that he gassed 6 million whites? Be for real fool. And I have a job. A very good one. The fact that you assume that I don’t because I am black makes you a RACIST.

          • Isaac Newton

            Umm you’re racist too. Racist racist racist lmao!!

          • nomoretraitors

            He didn’t gas 6 million whites because he never got the chance. If he had, he would’ve done it. He is like Hitler in his hatred for another group and his love of violence

          • iluvisrael

            uppity steve is back – out of jail?

          • American Patriot

            He is uptownsteve. You can tell based on his writings. skf1999, Steve Fair and Steve are all uptownsteve.

          • Drakken

            So pimping and drug dealing could be considered sort of a job. Good job Buckwheat, you shouted racist.

          • Isaac Newton

            I stated that Stokelys and Hitlers intent were the same not their actions you tard. Stokely just didn’t pull it off like Hitler. As I said before you can call me racist all you want. It really really doesn’t bother me. And oh by the way I didn’t know that you are black thus I couldn’t have assumed you didn’t have a job because you’re black. Are you drunk??

          • DB1954

            Okay, Stokely wasn’t a nobody. He was a famous scumbag.

          • nomoretraitors

            Because the left is trying to turn him into some kind of hero and saint. He was neither

          • Webb

            To show how raciss his supporters be! Dey puttin de white man down!

          • Steve

            Oh okay.

          • Drakken

            It looks and sounds like you admire Carmichael?

        • http://tinatrent.com/ Tina Trent

          right — they’re the root of the problem

    • nomoretraitors

      If I could find his grave, I would piss on it

    • johnnie the jew

      All one can wish for regarding this piece of ordure was that his death was really painful. That would be really good for the soul of freedom !

      • Webb

        Too bad Idi couldn’t have taken his infamous sledgehammer to him inside a jail cell.

        • DB1954

          Or raped him anally and given him syphilis.

    • truebearing

      “stokley died a bitter and forgotten savage.”

      The high point of his career. At least he had the good grace to die. There are so many others who should emulate his only success.

    • DB1954

      Not unlike Karl Marx and many other angry, bitter, narcissists who see absolutely nothing positive in this world or anyone else. It’s all about them to the bitterest of ends.

  • Insecticide

    Degenerate Afrofascist

    • nomoretraitors

      That’s why the left loves him so

  • Insecticide

    Hey Stokely, isn’t “Bill” a funny name?

  • AreaMan66

    Che Guevara’s creepy aphorism about true revolutionaries being “guided by a great feeling of love.”

    Che was right…they are guided by a great feeling of love.
    The love of power
    The love of murder

    Lots of love…they just happen to love evil.

    • DanaCrispovi

      My Uncle
      Riley got an almost new red GMC Canyon just by some parttime working online
      with a laptop. visit their website F­i­s­c­a­l­p­o­s­t­.­C­O­M­

  • nomoretraitors

    “he was a civil rights leader only in the bizarre modern sense that racial arsonist like Al Sharpton is a civil rights leader”
    They are civil rights leaders, which shows how far the movement has fallen

  • nomoretraitors

    Anyone up for a book burning?

  • http://americansforpetraeus2012.org JohnnyAngel Advocacy Group

    Deport these communists along with the illegals and half the universities and we will get the old US back !

  • Webb

    STOKELY
    A Low Life

  • UCSPanther

    This idiot and others like him lionized destructive and unhinged tyrants like Amin, claiming that they were heroes who “liberated Africa from whitey”, never mind that those nations ended up under dictatorships that impoverished and murdered large numbers of their own people, and turned their nations into war-torn, famine afflicted basketcases.

  • DontMessWithAmerica

    Why does his life bring to mind Obama? And how is Obama’s prostate?

  • slhancock

    I don’t watch TV news outlets because I don’t have a TV, don’t want one either, but I was wondering if the Toure of one of those talk shows is the son of Carmichael. I remember Carmichael well. He was one of many the USSR recruited and turned anti-American. All the while the USSR hated blacks! They used them to stir up unrest in America, but they hated them. Blacks have been played by the Marxists and the democrats, and any other group (Nation of Islam, etc.) to be their errand boys. Another form of slavery. They do not see it, though!

    • liz

      Yes, this is brought out in David Horowitz book, “Radical Son”.
      The Left created the Black Panthers.

  • hiernonymous

    “…calculated to transform its negligible subject into a towering figure of historic importance, and to whitewash the damage he did.”

    Which was it? Was he negligible, or did he do significant damage? Can’t really be both.

    • liz

      A person of negligible character who was accorded undeserved respect and thus empowered to do great damage. A lot like our current President.

    • SCREW SOCIALISM

      You really need to take some reading comprehension courses.

  • timpottorff

    He has already received his sentence from the Righteous Judge.

  • Steve

    Kwame Toure (Stokely Carmichael) was a courageous warrior for freedom and liberation.

    • Isaac Newton

      Stokely was a coward and a loser. My grandfather who stormed Juno Beach with German machine guns firing at him was a warrior for freedom.

      • Steve

        Toure faced down the Kl@n and the racist power structure of the American South prior to 1965 without a gun. He’s a hero.

        • DB1954

          … to idiots.

          • nomoretraitors

            and left wingers. Oh wait, it’s the same thing

        • SCREW SOCIALISM

          Stokley was as racist as the Kl@n.

          The two should have had a real showdown – like Arabs killing Arabs in Syria today – but Stokley ran away to Africa to his doom.

        • American Patriot

          You idolize Carmichael, who was a racist and anti-Semite who denounced Dr. King as “Uncle Martin”, yet denounce Reagan, who opposed racism and bigotry and who established the holiday honoring Dr. King. What is wrong with you, uptownmoron?

    • American Patriot

      Uptownsteve, I know that that is you. Carmichael was an evil racist and anti-Semitic moron. He essentially wanted to turn America into a Communist totalitarian country ruled by black supremacy and radical Islamism. In fact, he was probably the inspiration for the so-called International Pan-Islamic Communist Party of Proletarian Islam.

    • UCSPanther

      I suppose Idi Amin was one too. Let’s not forget Francisco Nguema as well…

    • DB1954

      Yes, but the first black President of the United States is a closeted gay man, a neo-Marxist ideologue, and he comes from the most corrupt city in America.

    • SCREW SOCIALISM

      “Kwame Toure (Stokely Carmichael) was a courageous warrior for freedom and liberation.”

      And that’s why he ran away to Africa thinking he was smarter than any real African – but to his shock Africans could not care less about a narcissistic guy from the US telling Africans what to do,

    • Drakken

      Well take your black azz to Africa like that commi scumbag did.

      • Steve

        Nah boo boo. We’re fixin to run the likes of you out of America.

        • Isaac Newton

          Never gonna happen. Who would build roads, schools, hospitals etc??

  • Isaac Newton

    Maybe black people are just stupid.

    • Steve

      Of course, you’re not a racist, right?

      • Isaac Newton

        Just making an observation. Seems pretty obvious. Who cares about racism? Calling me racist is like calling me a witch… I really really don’t care.

        • Steve

          I didn’t call you anything. And you’re calling black people stupid?

          • Isaac Newton

            Stop playing victim. I said black people are stupid before you even posted on here. And as I said Google “IQ by race” and you will find that Africans on average are much much less intelligent than the rest of the world. It’s fact and if fact is racist then racism is okay

          • Steve

            Oh geez, wave your IQ data round all you like. There are black billionaires and you’re pumping up the tires on your house.

          • Isaac Newton

            Hmmmm. Of the 1,100 billionaires in the world I wonder how many are black. I wonder how many got to be billionaires with help from non-blacks. And umm houses don’t have tires Steve you nimrod. Cars have tires.

          • RAM500

            Newton, you’re driving the white IQ down.

          • SCREW SOCIALISM

            Just the percentage of black people who voted for Obama.

      • Isaac New

        If you Google “IQ by race” you will find that Africans are not just i little less intelligent than the rest of the world but a lot less intelligent. This is proven fact and is a far more obvious reason for black failure. And after all blacks are also racist so why aren’t whites failing? I think blacks should appreciate everything whites have done for them. Whites discovered /invented electricity, the automobile, the telephone and just about everything else. If it weren’t for white people the world would still be living in caves. No racism here just honesty. And let’s not forget that it was blacks who enslaved blacks not whites

        • Steve

          Please explain to me why a black man is the President of the United States and you’re a service station attendant?

          • Webb

            Prezdent keepin de white man down!

          • Isaac Newton

            He’s not black and believe me I’m much more than a service station attendant. He’s also a really really poor president.

          • Webb

            He not black?!! What cullah he be? He look kinder speckeled ter me.

          • Isaac Newton

            Lol!! He’s colored. He’s half British and half Kenyan.

          • Webb

            Lawdy lawdy! He still look speckled ter me!

          • Isaac Newton

            Maybe he’s a reptilian alien shapeshifter. Some lefturds actually believe RAS’s control the world believe it or not.

          • DB1954

            Why is a closeted homosexual the President of the United States, and you’re a suck up to the demi-god, B. Hussein?

          • SCREW SOCIALISM

            No Voter ID.

            Why don’t you make a personal journey following Stokelys journey to H E L L?

          • SCREW SOCIALISM

            Racist Steve, you dummy, Obama is Mixed Race.

        • liz

          Maybe so, but at least that gives them an excuse.
          So what are all the white leftists excuse?

          • Isaac Newton

            Oh.. They’re mentally ill and stupid. I’m not joking or exaggerating. It’s true. Just Google “liberalism is a mental disorder” Read the Newsbusters article. It will answer some of your questions.

      • DB1954

        Why is that important? Even if he isn’t, you’ll say he is.

      • SCREW SOCIALISM

        Not any more racist than stoklley was.
        Must have bummed stokley out that no one gave a crap about a black man from America trying to start the revolution in Africa.

  • liz

    Sadly, our current President’s name could be substituted for Carmichael’s in most of these descriptions and it would fit. He is a direct heir of Carmichael.
    Stokely may have died in obscurity but his destructive legacy lives on.

  • humura

    The review misses the main point, Stokley was important. That is why the title of the book can use only his first name, and many will recognize it. When he began to use the slogan “Black Power” on the march in Mississippi, it WAS big news. When SNCC (and CORE) national groups purged all whites, they were following the trends from the local arenas, as whites had been expelled by Black racists in Detroit, Brooklyn, New Orleans, even before the national organizations acted. To say that no “civil rights” leader would go along with the likes of Stokely is wrong: Mrs Martin Luther King walked arm in arm in the US with Winnie Mandela, whose “soccer club” was accused of killing 14 year old Black Stompie Tempei on the orders of Mrs. Mandela. She was not convicted of murder because potential witnesses disappeared. In South Africa, Winnie sang at a campaign rally, “Kill the Boers!” I do not agree with many of Carmichael’s positions, but he was important. Yes, one should expose what the Left admirers seek to cover up, but this review seems unbalanced, over-the-top, and vindictive.

    • liz

      Vindictive? There is nothing vindictive in countering propaganda with the facts.

    • DB1954

      Ahh, not really.

    • shmo123

      You could say Stokley and I might think you were talking about Van Camp and a can of beans. At least you get something out of a can of beans, as opposed to a book about a two-bit, self-styled “revolutionary” whose name fades more with each passing year.

    • Drakken

      Carmichael should have met his doom in the 60′s, he lived to do a lot of damage.

  • steves5687

    It’s been going on for nearly 100 years. Watch this 12 minute video on the history of cultural Marxism and political correctness: It explains a lot of this……. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4fo5jLdJlgI

  • tagalog

    I lived through the Stokely Carmichael era. Carmichael wasn’t the only one making sounds like the ones quoted in the article. His sentiments on black revolutionism, burning the cities, killing whitey, and so on, were echoed by Eldridge Cleaver and Malcolm X in their days, Al Sharpton today. Cleaver also left the horrible USA, then, like Chuck Berry felt he had to come “back to the USA.” Carmichael hated a little more, so he stayed out of the USA. They were running-dog lackies of the revolutionary and demagogue strain of black rhetoric. America and black Americans are better off without them.

  • RAM500

    Another example of the black power fanaticism that drove the civil rights movement off the tracks just as it was achieving something monumental.