The War on Poverty — $21 Trillion Later

Matthew Vadum is an award-winning investigative reporter and the author of the book, "Subversion Inc.: How Obama’s ACORN Red Shirts Are Still Terrorizing and Ripping Off American Taxpayers."


povertyFifty years and trillions of dollars after the “War on Poverty” was launched, poor Americans aren’t much better off, according to a study published by Republican reformers in Congress.

The War on Poverty has barely made a dent in actual poverty, states the 205-page report unveiled last month by the House Budget Committee, which is chaired by Rep. Paul Ryan (R-Wisc.).

The paper, created in the hope of starting a discussion in Congress about reforming America’s bungled poor-relief programs, came out before Ryan released the GOP’s new budgetary blueprint yesterday that lays out how to balance the budget in 10 years. That document calls for reducing federal government spending by $5.1 trillion over a decade largely by getting a grip on out-of-control social programs. The House Budget Committee could vote on the fiscal plan as soon as Friday. Leadership in the Democrat-dominated Senate, which hasn’t even tried to adopt a budget in recent years, isn’t planning to craft a fiscal blueprint this year, either.

The heart of the War on Poverty report is its observation that most federal poverty-alleviation programs are essentially useless or incapable of having their impact measured in the real world.

The study observes that in 1965, the poverty rate was 17.3 percent. In 2012, it was 15 percent. This means taxpayers blew a staggering $20.7 trillion over the last half century in order to achieve a paltry 2.3 percentage point decrease in poverty.

Broken down into less mind-blowing, easier-to-grasp figures, between 1965 and 2012 the average family of four spent roughly $146,000 per percentage-point drop in poverty, or $335,000 per family for the whole 2.3 percentage-point reduction.

Only the most blinkered or jaded among us in the body politic believe that sucking $9 trillion out of the private, productive economy for each single percentage-point reduction in the poverty rate constitutes an acceptable return on investment.

Which brings us to the modern “progressive” Left.

Those on the Left consider the gentle statistical dip in poverty over five decades to be social progress achieved by way of holy coercive redistribution. Mere results have always been less important to the Left than intentions.

Although a sane person would consider the extremely modest reduction in poverty a humiliating defeat, left-wingers have successfully been changing the subject, hurling epithets, smearing opponents, and intimidating adversaries, all in an effort to move the discussion away from their 50 years of human misery-generating policy failures.

The Obama White House self-servingly slices and dices the statistics to portray the War on Poverty as a smashing, if flawed, success.

While the Obama administration admits that some of the government’s poverty-fighting approaches are less than optimal, President’s Obama Council of Economic Advisers issued a ringing endorsement of the War on Poverty.

According to that body, poverty has declined by more than one-third since 1967. “The percent of the population in poverty when measured to include tax credits and other benefits has declined from 25.8 percent in 1967 to 16.0 percent in 2012.” Predictably, the council opines that “[d]espite real progress in the War on Poverty, there is more work to do.”

The council also obsequiously slaps President Obama on the back, praising him for taking steps to “further increase opportunity and economic security by improving key programs while ensuring greater efficiency and integrity.”

It then moves from servile flattery to outright revisionism, claiming that Obama’s actions have “prevented millions of hardworking Americans from slipping into poverty during the worst economic crisis since the Great Depression.” 

Ever the class warrior, in a December address on income inequality, Obama showed just how much a prisoner he is of his own self-imposed ideological bubble. Without mentioning the devastating impact that the high tax rates and runaway social spending he ardently supports have had on American society, the president argued that it’s all deterministic, all the fault of capitalism. He said:

“But we know that people’s frustrations run deeper than these most recent political battles. Their frustration is rooted in their own daily battles — to make ends meet, to pay for college, buy a home, save for retirement. It’s rooted in the nagging sense that no matter how hard they work, the deck is stacked against them. And it’s rooted in the fear that their kids won’t be better off than they were.”

Big government, a lawless administration, and radical attacks on civil society aren’t worth worrying about, according to Obama.

It is “a dangerous and growing inequality and lack of upward mobility that has jeopardized middle-class America’s basic bargain — that if you work hard, you have a chance to get ahead.”

This is “the defining challenge of our time,” he said, even though Americans don’t give a farthing’s cuss about economic inequality. 

That challenge consists of “making sure our economy works for every working American,” Obama declared, slyly anthropomorphizing the economy, an intangible abstraction, in order to push the illusion that markets, like animals or streams, can somehow be controlled and centrally managed.

All of this rhetorical blatherskite had its heyday in the awful 1960s, an era historian Paul Johnson correctly described as “America’s suicide attempt.” Instead of being satisfied with New Deal-era programs like Social Security, left-wingers resolved to move America even farther away from its founding ideals, fundamentally changing the country by erecting a supremely sclerotic behemoth welfare state answerable to no one.

The War on Poverty itself was a part of the massive left-wing social engineering and vote-buying scheme known as the Great Society. This war really should have been called the war on American values. As a result of misguided government policies that grew out of the War on Poverty, social evils have not only been encouraged but subsidized with taxpayer dollars. For example, out-of-whack financial incentives have caused out-of-wedlock birthrates to mushroom, as David Horowitz and John Perazzo reported in “Government vs. the People.”

Despite an orgy of federal spending, blacks and other minorities have suffered the most from big government poverty alleviation efforts. The anti-marriage, anti-family tilt of welfare policies has devastated black communities and society at large.

In his first State of the Union address on Jan. 8, 1964, President Lyndon Johnson ushered in a half-century of government-incentivized sloth, indolence, dependency, and social decay. He exhorted Congress to launch a new belligerency against a perpetually ineradicable foe.

“Let this session of Congress be known,” Johnson exclaimed, “as the session which declared all-out war on human poverty and unemployment in these United States.”

The Economic Opportunity Act (EOA) of 1964 became the centerpiece of the new war.  It expanded the nation’s social safety hammock, turning government resources into war materiel to be used against the American system of constitutionally limited government.

The War on Poverty gave taxpayers’ money to so-called community groups like ACORN and Saul Alinsky’s Industrial Areas Foundation in order to encourage them to agitate against the status quo. This, in turn, stimulated demand for more government spending as taxpayer dollars became a kind of ever-increasing subsidy for pro-big government activism. The federal government still hands out significant grants to left-wing groups to subsidize their efforts to take away our economic freedoms. Many of the EOA-created programs still exist today, including VISTA (Volunteers In Service To America), now known as AmeriCorps VISTA, Job Corps, and Head Start.

Many more excuses for handouts were created after the mid-1960s — so many, in fact, that it is difficult nowadays for poor people to tiptoe through the ever expanding minefield of government assistance unscathed. 

Loud calls for yet more welfare spending continue unabated from the echo chambers of the Left every single day whether the national economy is good or bad.

These calls come even after the country has saturation-bombed poor people with welfare over the past 50 years, to the tune of $20.7 trillion in 2011 dollars, far exceeding what the U.S. has spent on every actual, non-figurative war it has fought. Federal and state welfare spending, adjusted for inflation, is now 16 times greater than when this phony war was declared, according to Robert Rector of the Heritage Foundation. 

While millions of Americans remain stuck in poverty, the House Budget Committee’s white paper from March inventories a dizzying array of expensive failed programs on which mountains of money have been lavished.

The federal government now administers at least 92 federal programs designed to help lower-income Americans. There are dozens of education and job-training programs, 17 different food-aid programs, and over 20 housing programs. The federal government spent $799 billion on these programs in fiscal 2012 alone, according to the report.

Among more than 15 programs, more than $100 billion was spent on food aid. More than $200 billion was spent on cash aid. Spread over more than 20 programs, more than $90 billion was spent on education and job training. Almost $300 billion was spent on health care and close to $50 billion was spent on housing.

Let’s look at some of the eye-popping numbers involved in the major aid category of cash aid.

There were three federal agencies involved in spending $220 billion on cash aid in fiscal 2012. They are the Social Security Administration, Department of Health and Human Services, and Department of the Treasury.

Created in 1974, the Supplemental Security Income program provides cash benefits to elderly, blind, or disabled persons with limited income and assets. It weighs in at $50 billion.

Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF), created in 1935, provides assistance to needy families. In 2012 it weighed in at $16.7 billion.

The Earned Income Tax Credit, established in 1975, provides cash assistance to low-income working families. The EITC, which some analysts consider to be a rare federal anti-poverty success, is the largest measure in the tax code that is aimed at reducing poverty. In 2012, its budget was $59 billion.

The Child Tax Credit, enacted in 1997, provides assistance to families with children. The IRS spent a little over $57 billion on total child credits in 2013.

The Title IV-E Foster Care/Adoption Assistance program, created in 1997, helps states pay for arranging temporary homes for disadvantaged children or for facilitating their adoption. The federal government spent $6.8 billion on the program in 2012.

But most of the 92 federal poverty-alleviation programs have a mediocre to downright dreadful track record of helping people in need.

To make matters worse, over the past three years, “deep poverty” has reached its highest level on record and about 21.8 percent of children live below the poverty line, the report states. Although changing demographics and slow economic growth contribute to continued poverty, federal policies are also discouraging work. For example, a rapid increase in disability caseloads has shrunk the labor force.

“But a large problem is the ‘poverty trap,’” the report states. “There are so many anti-poverty programs—and there is so little coordination between them—that they often work at cross purposes and penalize families for getting ahead.”

Because these programs are means-tested—meaning that benefits fall as recipients earn more money—poor families face very high implicit marginal tax rates. The federal government, in effect, is discouraging them from making more money.

“Congress has taken a haphazard approach to this problem; it has expanded programs and created new ones with little regard to how these changes fit into the larger effort. Rather than provide a roadmap out of poverty, Washington has created a complex web of programs that are often difficult to navigate.”

Some programs work, some don’t, and with many of them, “[t]here’s little evidence either way.”

Federal programs are not only failing to address problems in society; in some ways they are making the problems worse. “Changes are clearly necessary, and the first step is to evaluate what the federal government is doing right now,” the report said.

But President Obama, neo-Marxist ideologue that he is, isn’t interested in making changes to anti-poverty programs. Obama is seeking $56 billion in new spending for a variety of programs expanding educational offerings for preschoolers and job training for laid-off workers. No doubt he’ll find a way to lard still more billions of dollars in so-called emergency spending onto the budget as the year progresses.

“The two sides have converged in terms of the problems they’re diagnosing,” said Alan D. Viard of the American Enterprise Institute. “But the solutions are very far apart.”

That is an understatement.

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  • Esther Suzern

    Their definition of poverty is absurd. Under that definition, 20% will always count as poor, no matter how rich they are

    • maximilien321

      My Uncle Gabriel got a stunning blue Dodge
      Charger SRT8 from only workin part time on a home pc… hop over to here C­a­s­h­F­i­g­.­ℂ­o­m

    • medlaw

      Precisely so.

      More generally, When you control the lexicon, you define and control the issues – and you dictate the results.

      • Recondobilly

        A powerful and dishonest tool for the left. Just change the definition of the offending word.

    • CowboyUp

      By the government definition, a person can own a multimillion dollar estate with a fleet of automobiles in the garage, a yacht at the marina, and millions in the bank, and still be ‘living in poverty.’

  • g..man

    The bible is clear “The poor will always be with us” that’s the story.

    • Chiron_Venizelos

      and “he who does not work, neither shall he eat.”

  • Chiron_Venizelos

    This is what happens when equal opportunity is traded for equal outcomes. Everytime a new handout is offered, there are more “hands” waiting to grab it. While I admit there are rare exceptions (children, elderly, mentally disabled, physically impaired) where charity is in order, the overwhelming majority of those who receive welfare are simply too lazy to work. Every productive individual in our society needs to understand at once the reality of the situation. From my perspective, I would use the analogy that, had there not been a “war on poverty” the national debt would instead be a $3 Trillion surplus.

  • thult

    THAT WAS THE PLAN! LBJ HAD A PLAN!

    This is the fallout from the Great Society, wherein America has squandered over $21 TRILLION on anti-poverty programs, the sole purpose (certainly, SOLE OUTCOME) of which, has been to HUGELY degrade the Black American family, and everything that springs from a cohesive and intact family unit, whatever the ethnic background!

    How about letting this be a”wake up call” to the underlying issues? How about “waking up” to the FACT that Black-on-Black murder rates are HUGE! How about “waking up” to the FACT that Black-on-Black crime is HUGE! How about
    “waking up” to the FACT that ONE OUT OF THREE Black men is part of
    the jail/prison system! How about “waking up” to the FACT that 73% of ALL Black babies are illegitimately born (read that, born into FATHERLESS
    households)! How about “waking up” to the FACT that many, if not MOST, Black students CHOOSE to perform abysmally at academic achievement in securing a FREE education, paid for by the taxpayers!

    WAKE UP!!!

    WAKE UP, and then take the next step and lay the blame for the FEW OF MANY problems within the Black culture that you cited, where they belong! LBJ’s “War on Poverty,” established AFDC MANDATED regulation whereby there could NOT be a man in the house, in order for the woman to fire up her own FREE “government ATM dispenser,” thereby institutionalizing generational dependency and today’s 73% Black illegitimacy rate!

    Why do you suppose, after LBJ enacted the “War on Poverty,” he said, “I’ll have those ni**ers voting Democratic for the next 200 years”?

  • Sheik Yerbouti

    What’s also telling is how many of the tales of these programs are directed at poor minorities. There are far more poor white Americans in this nation than any other race. How odd they are so often excluded from the discussions about “the poor”.

    Could it be this was a political ploy all along?

  • cxt

    What else could we have done with that money?
    Leftists simply do not understand even basic economics. Opportunity cost is a real as gravity—and just as unforgiving.

    • No RNC

      cxt is absolutely right on “Opportunity Cost” every 2 bit FedReserve/Statist Economist refuses to address OC!

  • GoodBusiness
  • nomoretraitors

    Liberals never ever ever admit they’re wrong

  • Abdullah

    America is decadent. It needs to be uprooted, so we can start over again.

    • Rob Hobart

      No. That’s fascistic thinking.

  • PouponMarks

    You don’t understand. The poverty programs “work” just fine-for the cronies, public and private parasites, e.g., politicians, NGOs, various private piglets that suck off the gummint teat, etc. They don’t work for the intended or the middle class, the ones who pay tribute and bleed.

  • Douglas Mayfield

    As Lenin said, ‘Tell any lie to gain power’, so the dealers in socialist poison, the Democrats, the Left, will not blink, will not say ‘mea culpa’, no matter how often their programs fail.
    To be precise, it doesn’t matter to the Left one damn bit whether the programs in question are ‘efficient’ or ‘get the job done’. The point of all of these programs is to advance America toward the Left’s goal of a socialist dictatorship in this country, a la Castro’s Cuba or Chavez’s Venezuela.
    Republicans who oppose these programs because of their inefficiency have lost the intellectual battle before they start. To take one person’s hard money at gun point and put in someone else’s pocket is immoral. All of these programs, the welfare state itself, are immoral. We are not our brother’s keeper. Let our ‘brothers and sisters’ work for a living, earn their own way.
    In effect, RINOs are simply jockeying for power when they argue that ‘we’ll be more efficient in dealing with the welfare state’. They’re saying ‘Take the keys to the kingdom away from the Democrats and turn them over to us because we’ll waste a bit less’. This is an utterly false and thoroughly futile approach.
    In order to win the hearts and minds of the American people, Republicans must develop sound morally based arguments against the ‘People’s Socialist State’ which the Democrats and the Left are planning for our future.

  • BagLady

    You don’t have to stay so close to home to see the non-effect of so-called anti-poverty ‘incentives’.

  • fatebekind

    I’m sure that Ted Kennedy’s Immigration Act of 1965 had absolutely no bearing on any of this. I’m also sure that I am the proud sole owner of the Brooklyn Bridge…

  • Poujadiste Recalcitrante

    The War on Poverty increased poverty. The War on Crime increased crime. The War on Cancer increased cancer. The War on Inflation increased inflation. The War on Drugs increased drug use. The War on Terrorism increased terrorism. Notice a pattern?

  • verneoz

    This is strong proof that throwing money at a social problem does not work. Instead, these study artists need to look at the causes for poverty, and they will find the primary reason for poor people is engaging in poor choices, such as having multiple children out of wedlock. Public housing is loaded with 2, 3, & 4 generations of the same family living in them. On the other hand, this is an indicator that welfare payments are too high and the benefit receiving period is too long.

  • Christopher Riddle

    The Left’s PERPETUAL EXCUSE FOR FAILURE:”Those Evil Republicans Didn’t Let Us Spend Enough”!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

    • kendrick1

      As Walter E Williams said, “Moral crusaders have the habit of heading off to their next crusade without bothering to see whether anything went wrong on their last one!”

      • Christopher Riddle

        Does ANYTHING The Left Pursues Go RIGHT??????????????

      • Christopher Riddle

        Whenever Dr. Williams “subbed”for El Rushbo,Johnny Donovan would always introduce him:”Black By Popular Demand”!!Is he ill??GOD,how I LOVE That Guy!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

  • Hktony

    I am sorry but I am sure it is a good article but it is always the same, we know the left are morons. We all know this they lie, lie and lie. No point trying to convince us we know. We need more than this! I think dialogue is pointless. Discussion is pointless. All my life I have been told that we should find a common ground and work together. Well it doesn’t work with Marxists. They are frigging mad , mad , mad! I think in the final analysis you just say no to everything they say. No! Just like sharia is unwanted so is Marxism. Perhaps then we can draw out who are closet Marxists amongst the Right and who are being paid by oil money on the Right.
    People need to be upright in their conviction that killing , stealing, lying, is wrong. There is no moral relativism. Democracy is democracy for all not when it suites . The states have to get out of people’s country and stop interfering. Poverty, Islam, gender problems are all related to poor upbringing where right and wrong are all mixed up. When I was born thee where two genders now it’s more. Once meritocracy meant something now we are all equal but there is a pecking order with white men at the bottom. Fix yourself and you fix society. Maybe then we can start talking with the knowledge that you haven’t been brainwashed by the left or bought out by the oil people. Until then we will continue with the lefts agenda of destroying capitalism and bringing about a Muslim state in the west.